The Influence of Prenatal Factors on Maternal Hemorrhage

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Dec 30, 2022
  • participants needed
    500
  • sponsor
    First Affiliated Hospital Xi'an Jiaotong University
Updated on 25 January 2021
prenatal

Summary

This research evaluates the effects of prenatal factors on adverse pregnancy outcomes, the general demographic information, the level of maternal exposure to air pollution, the environmental condition, pregnancy-related information, the occurrence of adverse pregnancy outcomes, and serum indicators of pregnant women during pregnancy are collected. Finally, the research explores that whether prenatal factors including environment can mediate the occurrence of maternal hemorrhage.

Description

The degree of hemoglobin changes before and after delivery can be used as an index, to accurately estimate postpartum hemorrhage in clinical practice. Postpartum hemorrhage is the leading cause of maternal death in the world, accounting for 30% of maternal deaths. Studies have shown that most deaths caused by postpartum hemorrhage are avoidable. Domestic and foreign literature reports that the incidence of postpartum hemorrhage is 5%~10%, however, the amount of blood loss clinically estimated is often lower than the actual amount, the actual incidence of postpartum hemorrhage is higher. A large number of studies have confirmed that maternal exposure to air pollution during pregnancy such as particulate matter (PM), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), sulfur dioxide (SO2), ozone (O3), carbon monoxide (CO) can increase the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes, including miscarriage, gestational diabetes mellitus(GDM), hypertensive disorder complicating pregnancy, preterm birth and low birth weight(LBW). So, a prospective cohort study is conducted to explore the influence of prenatal factors and environment on maternal hemorrhage.

Research content: This research is a prospective cohort study from June 2020 to December 2022, 500 pregnant women will be recruited from the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University and First Affiliated Hospital of the Fourth Military Medical University. A health management birth cohort will be established. To construct a spatial and temporal series about maternal hemorrhage influenced by maternal exposure to air pollution during pregnancy; To explore the effects of prenatal factors and environment on maternal hemorrhage.

Research meaning Practical significance: To explore the factors that affect maternal hemorrhage, and to reduce the occurrence of postpartum hemorrhage, which contributes to reducing the healthy risks and medical economic burdens caused by the healthy problems of mothers and children. To define the critical period of the developing of maternal hemorrhage in spatial and temporal series, and to calculate the cutoff value of air pollution on maternal hemorrhage, propose short-term control target of air pollution related to maternal and child health, construct the first-level prevention strategy for adverse pregnancy outcomes.

Research steps: Complete the recruiting of subjects, which meet the inclusion and exclusion criteria sign an informed consent before the carrying out of research; Follow up: Questionnaires will be conducted to acquire the information including sociodemographic characteristics, menstrual history and childbearing history, residence during pregnancy, lifestyle and diet habits, the information of illness and medication, history of past illness, etc. Then the maternal exposure level of air pollutants in every trimester will be calculated, based on air pollution detection station, from Shaanxi Meteorological and Environment Bureau according to residence information of participants; Serum indicators: fasting venous blood samples will be taken before and after childbirth to detect serum level of hemoglobin, all the blood samples will be taken and tested in the laboratory of the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University and First Affiliated Hospital of the Fourth Military Medical University; Monitoring of postpartum hemorrhage: closely monitor the volume of blood loss. During the whole study period, the subjects could withdraw the cohort at any time.

Prenatal hemoglobin level: blood hemoglobin level within one week before delivery; Postpartum hemoglobin level: blood hemoglobin level 1 day after delivery; The difference of hemoglobin before and after delivery: prenatal hemoglobin level minus postpartum hemoglobin level (if he patient received red blood cell transfusion during this period, this value is the degree of hemoglobin change after calibration); The 24 h postpartum hemorrhage is calculated as 400 ml for every 10g/L drop in hemoglobin; Birth weight: the weight of newborn within the first hour.

Statistical method: Univariate analysis: The maternal exposure levels of air pollution during pregnancy will be treated as independent variables, postpartum hemorrhage will be treated as dependent variables, univariate logistic regression will be used to analyze the relationship between them; Multivariate analysis: postpartum hemorrhage will be taken as dependent variables, maternal exposure levels, sociodemographic characteristics, nutritional status, dietary status, and other factors are included as independent variables, the multivariate logistic regression analysis will be used to data analysis. In the multivariate regression the odds ration value and 95% confidence intervention of air pollution to affect adverse pregnancy outcomes will be calculated adjusted for sociodemographic characteristics, nutrition, dietary conditions and other factors; Spatial and temporal series analysis will be adapted to define the critical period of the developing of postpartum hemorrhage under maternal exposure to air pollution, and calculate the cut-off value of air pollution about postpartum hemorrhage.

Research planning: Complete research design, follow-up questionnaires, and pre-experiments before July 2020; Complete enrollment of subjects, collect pregnancy-related information, follow-up of the study subjects, detecting of serum indicators, monitor the occurrence of postpartum hemorrhage before July 2022; Complete data export and analysis about basic information and data analysis; Clarify the relationship between maternal air pollution exposure during pregnancy and postpartum hemorrhage, explore the potential mechanism in the occurrence of postpartum hemorrhage influenced by prenatal factors and environment.

Details
Condition Postpartum Hemorrhage
Treatment The level of air pollution
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04517617
SponsorFirst Affiliated Hospital Xi'an Jiaotong University
Last Modified on25 January 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Is your age between 20 yrs and 45 yrs?
Are you male?
Do you have Postpartum Hemorrhage?
Do you have any of these conditions: Do you have Postpartum Hemorrhage??
The Pregnant women gave birth in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University and First Affiliated Hospital of the Fourth Military Medical University
This pregnancy is natural conception, the last menstrual period is definite and the menstrual cycle is basically regular
The pregnant women volunteer to participate in this study and sign the informed consent

Exclusion Criteria

The pregnant women have placental abruption
The pregnant women have placenta previa
The pregnant women have placental implantation
The pregnant women have placental abruption
The pregnant women with incomplete clinical records
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