Appraising the Embolization of Aneurysms Using Balt Optima™ Coil System (APPLY Study) (APPLY)

  • days left to enroll
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Vascular Neurology of Southern California Inc.
Updated on 12 May 2022
intracranial aneurysm
embolization procedure


In recent years, many developments have been made to the tools and techniques used to treat IAs via endovascular intervention. Specifically, to the detachable coils themselves. In March 2018, the US Food and Drug administration granted Balt USA 510(k) clearance for the Optima Coil System™. Earlier this year, the list of devices included within the system has expanded to include OptiMAX Complex Super Soft and Complex Soft coils. It consists of coils that come in Standard, Soft and Super Soft profiles and allows for instant detachment from the pusher. The APPLY study is a prospective, single-center investigator-initiated study meant to assess the use of the Balt Optima™ Coil System. The site is looking to enroll approximately 30 subjects over the course of two years. The Optima Coil System™ is commercially available in the United States as such this study is looking for real-world data.


Intracranial aneurysms both ruptured and unruptured collectively affect a significant portion of the general population. Cases of unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIA) are estimated to affect roughly 3% of the general population and aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) has an incidence of 8 to 9 people per 100,000. There are two well-established treatment options for patients diagnosed with intracranial aneurysms (IA): surgical clipping and endovascular coiling. Neurosurgical intervention requires a craniotomy followed by the clipping of the aneurysm. Endovascular repair is minimally invasive as access to the afflicted vessel is gained through the femoral artery with the assistance of imaging guidance. During embolization, the aneurysm is occluded using coils of varying length, diameter, and softness. By filling the dome of the aneurysm physicians aim to prevent further blood flow into the bulge which will prevent the aneurysm from rupturing. In addition to coiling a stent may be placed to function as a blood flow diverting device.

The first-ever recorded use of coils in the treatment of intracranial aneurysms by way of endovascular intervention was in 1988. In 1989, detachable coils were designed by Guido Guglielmi, an endovascular neurosurgeon, who pioneered the concept of coil embolization. Since then, endovascular embolization has become effective, and in some cases preferred, method of treatment of intracranial aneurysms. A 2005 randomized, multicenter study titled International Subarachnoid Aneurysm Trial (ISAT) demonstrated that in comparison to surgical clipping, endovascular repair clinical outcomes result in significant risk reduction and long-term independence post-procedure. To verify their findings the ISAT authors reviewed the clinical outcomes at 1 year of 1063 of 1072 patients who underwent ruptured aneurysm embolization using detachable coils compared to 1055 of 1070 who were designated to neurosurgical clipping. At the one-year mark patients who experienced endovascular repair demonstrated poor prognosis with less frequency, as measured by mortality and extent of dependency, in 23.5% of cases in comparison to 30.9% of subjects treated via neurosurgical intervention. While the results seem to show a considerable preference for embolization, the patients in this designated sample were found to experience rebleeds at a higher frequency. Beyond resurgence of hemorrhaging, embolization risks include aneurysm perforation and/or rupture, thromboembolic events, and coil herniation out of the occluded site. Despite the aforementioned risk factors, it has become clear that embolization with detachable coils is a much safer treatment option as the rate of procedure-related complications is relatively low. This is true for patients with unruptured and ruptured intracranial aneurysms-size and location did not show any statistically significant impact.

The study will enroll approximately 30 subjects to allow us to adequately observe the benefits of the central limit theorem. Based on prior experience, we expect that approximately 10% of all participants may be lost to follow-up and/or will withdraw from the study. It is estimated that two years are needed to complete the study. The first year will be necessary to enroll 30 subjects and the second year will be necessary to complete the 12-month follow-up visits and study close out procedures. The device is to be used per Instructions for Use as indicated for treatment of intracranial aneurysms by way of coil embolization. Participating in this study will not contribute or be of detriment in any way of a subject's medical care. All study related data gathering activities are standard of care and do not require any special actions.

Condition Aneurysm, Intracranial Aneurysm, Ruptured Aneurysm, Subarachnoid Hemorrhage, Aneurysmal, Cerebral Aneurysm Unruptured
Treatment Optima Coil System
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04499508
SponsorVascular Neurology of Southern California Inc.
Last Modified on12 May 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Patients age ≥ 18
Patients undergoing the embolization of large or small intracranial aneurysms
Patient's physician has decided that the best treatment for the patient's neurovascular abnormalities is the Optima Coil System and the patient has agreed to the treatment
Of the total number of coils implanted Optima™ Coil System accounts for at least 80%
Fully executed IRB approved Informed Consent

Exclusion Criteria

Patient participation in another study that may disrupt the results of this study
Anticipated life expectancy of less than 12-months
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