Implementation of Group Problem Management Plus (PM+) in Adult Syrian Refugees in Turkey: RCT (STRENGTHS)

  • End date
    Jul 12, 2021
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Istanbul Sehir University
Updated on 5 August 2020
psychological distress
psychological stress


To implement Group Problem Management Plus (PM+) in Syrian refugees with this RCT to evaluate feasibility, acceptability, effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of the culturally adapted Group PM+ intervention for adult Syrian refugees in Turkey.


The STRENGTHS (Syrian REfuGees MeNTal HealTH Care Systems) study is a 5-year study that started in January 2017 with funding from the European Commission Horizon 2020 scheme. Turkey is one of the eight sites in STRENGTHS project that this study will be conducted. The main aim of STRENGTHS in Turkey is to evaluate the feasibility, acceptability, effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of the culturally adapted psychological intervention Group Problem Management Plus (PM+) intervention for adult Syrian refugees in Turkey.

Study participants (n=380) will consist of adult Syrian refugees (18 years and older) in Turkey with self-reported functional impairment (WHODAS 2.0 >16) and elevated psychological distress (K10 >15.9). Participants will be randomly allocated either to the treatment group who will receive five sessions of PM+ or to the enhanced care-as-usual (E-CAU) group. Participants in the comparison group will receive E-CAU only. The primary outcome will be the decrease in psychological distress from baseline to three-month post-intervention assessment, measured through the Hopkins Symptoms Checklist (HSCL-25).

Treatment Problem Management Plus (PM+)
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03960892
SponsorIstanbul Sehir University
Last Modified on5 August 2020

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Inclusion Criteria

Is your age greater than or equal to 18 yrs?
Gender: Male or Female
Do you have any of these conditions: Psychological Distress or Depression (Adolescent) or Depression (Treatment-Resistant) or Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder or Anxiety Disorders (Pediatri...?
Adults of 18 years or above
Syrian under temporary protection status
Elevated levels of psychological distress (K10 >15) and reduced psychosocial functioning (WHODAS 2.0 >16)

Exclusion Criteria

Acute medical conditions
Imminent suicide risk or expressed acute needs/protection risks (e.g., a young woman who expresses that she is at acute risk of being assaulted or killed)
Severe mental disorder (psychotic disorders, substance-dependence)
Severe cognitive impairment (e.g., severe intellectual disability or dementia)
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