PCT Guided Stopping of Antibiotic Therapy in Children With Sepsis

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • participants needed
    560
  • sponsor
    All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi
Updated on 6 October 2022
sepsis
antibiotic therapy
antibiotics
inflammatory response
systemic inflammatory response syndrome

Summary

The investigators' objective is to compare the risk of mortality and/or treatment failure in children admitted to the PICU with sepsis and managed by PCT guided therapy for stopping of antibiotics ('study' group) with those managed with 'standard practices' based on the evidence based guidelines ('control' group). Children with suspected or proven sepsis will be randomized to the PCT guided group or the standard practices group and will be followed up for the outcome measures that include treatment failure and mortality. The investigators plan to enroll 650 patients over a period of 3 years. The investigators believe that the proposed study will provide the answer to reducing unnecessary antibiotic usage in the PICU without causing any harm to the patient in the form of treatment failure and/or mortality.

Description

Sepsis and bacterial infections account for more than 50% of and intensive care (ICU) admissions and the mortality rates are as high as 40-60% reported in various studies. Although, antibiotics are crucial in deciding outcomes in children with sepsis, however, use of the same in non-infectious conditions has resulted in emergence of multi drug resistant strains with high morbidity and mortality. The number of deaths from antibiotic resistant bacteria is 700000 worldwide. A major driver for development of multi drug resistant bacteria is antibiotic use. This indiscriminate use is much more pronounced in the ICUs with observations from various studies indicating that 30% to 60% of antibiotics prescribed in ICUs are unnecessary, inappropriate, or suboptimal. This is because of two major reasons a) illness severity and b) difficulty in distinguishing true sepsis from other causes of SIRS. In order to address these problems, researchers have tried to explore the use of novel biomarkers to improve the accuracy, early diagnosis and stopping of antibiotic therapy of sepsis. One such marker that is widely studied is procalcitonin (PCT). Several studies and meta-analyses have demonstrated that PCT has excellent diagnostic accuracy for sepsis and has a potential role in de-escalating antibiotic therapy in adult patients. Unfortunately, there are only few observational studies and two RCT's in children published till date evaluating the use of PCT for diagnosis of infections or de-escalation of antibiotic therapy. Moreover, till date, there are no studies in critically ill children with sepsis who are faced with the problem of multidrug resistant infections and have the worst outcomes. Given this background, the investigators plan to conduct this pragmatic randomized controlled trial in children with sepsis admitted to the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) and already on antibiotics. The investigators' objective is to compare the risk of mortality and/or treatment failure in children admitted to the PICU with sepsis and managed by PCT guided therapy for stopping of antibiotics ('study' group) with those managed with 'standard practices' based on the evidence based guidelines ('control' group). Children with suspected or proven sepsis will be randomized to the PCT guided group or the standard practices group and will be followed up for the outcome measures that include treatment failure and mortality. The investigators' would also be comparing the duration and prescription rate of antibiotic therapy between the two groups as secondary outcome measures. The investigators plan to enroll 650 patients over a period of 3 years. The investigators believe that the proposed study will provide the answer to reducing unnecessary antibiotic usage in the PICU without causing any harm to the patient in the form of treatment failure and/or mortality. The investigators also believe that in due course of time, over the years, with restricted antibiotic usage, the issue of multi-drug resistant microbial infections in the PICU will be addressed.

Details
Condition Procalcitonin, Antimicrobial Resistance, systemic infections, sepsis syndrome, Toxic Shock Syndrome, systemic infection, septic shock, AMR, Antibiotic Use, Septicemia, Porphyria Cutanea Tarda, sepsis, Polychloroterphenyl Compounds, Sepsis and Septicemia
Treatment PCT group
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03388944
SponsorAll India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi
Last Modified on6 October 2022

Similar trials to consider

Loading...

Browse trials for

Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 

 • 

Private

Reply by • Private
Loading...

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.
Loading...

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note