Study of the Oral Factor D (FD) Inhibitor ALXN2050 in PNH Patients as Monotherapy

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Jul 31, 2025
  • participants needed
    26
  • sponsor
    Alexion Pharmaceuticals
Updated on 17 June 2022
platelet count
anemia
vaccination
neutrophil count
reticulocyte count
complement c5
paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria
eculizumab
complement inhibitor
ravulizumab
danicopan

Summary

The study will evaluate the efficacy and safety of the oral Factor D (FD) inhibitor ALXN2050 (ACH-0145228) monotherapy in patients with PNH that are treatment naïve, or patients currently treated with eculizumab who still experience anemia and reticulocytosis, or patients currently treated with ALXN2040 (danicopan) as monotherapy. After signing consent, participants will have periodic visits through Week 12, at which time the primary endpoint and key secondary assessments will be analyzed. Participants will continue on treatment past 12 weeks into a long-term extension portion of the trial.

Description

Experimental: Open-label ALXN2050 Monotherapy orally

Group 1: Patients with PNH who are treatment naïve

Group 2: Patients with PNH who have received complement component 5 (C5) inhibition with eculizumab for at least 6 months, who continue to experience anemia and reticulocytes above the upper limit of normal (ULN) who will switch to ALXN2050 monotherapy

Group 3: Patients with PNH receiving danicopan monotherapy in study ACH471-103 will switch to ALXN2050 monotherapy

After signing the informed consent form, participants will enter the screening period. During the Screening Period, eligibility and screening assessments will be performed. Screening assessments may be spread over more than one visit if necessary. At the baseline visit, screened participants who continue to meet eligibility criteria will enter the Treatment Period.

The treatment phase will be followed by a long-term extension phase, where ALXN2050 will continue to be administered.

Blood will be collected to assess the efficacy endpoints, such as, change in hemoglobin (Hgb), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and other measures of hemolysis. Safety and transfusion requirements will also be assessed.

Participants will continue on treatment past 12 weeks in a long-term extension portion of the trial.

Details
Condition Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria (PNH)
Treatment ALXN2050, C5 inhibitor background therapy
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04170023
SponsorAlexion Pharmaceuticals
Last Modified on17 June 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Male or female, ≥ 18 years of age
Diagnosis of PNH
PNH Type III erythrocyte or granulocyte clone size ≥10%
Absolute reticulocyte count ≥100×10^9/liter [L]
Eligibility Criteria
LDH ≥1.5× upper limit of normal
Eligibility Criteria Specific for Group 1
Platelet count ≥30,000/microliter (µL)
Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥750/ µL
Anemia (Hgb <10.5 grams/deciliter [g/dL])
PNH Patients who have no history of treatment with any complement inhibitor at any dose
Absolute reticulocyte count ≥100×10^9/L
Platelet count ≥30,000/µL
Absolute neurophil count (ANC) ≥750/ µL
Eligibility Criteria Specific for Group 2
Anemia (Hgb <10 g/dL)
Stable background regimen of at least 24 weeks for eculizumab without change in dose or interval for at least the past 8 weeks
Eligibility Criteria Specific for Group 3
Patient received danicopan during Study ACH471-103

Exclusion Criteria

Known aplastic anemia or other bone marrow failure that requires HSCT, or if these patients are on immunosuppressive agents for less than 24 weeks
Known underlying bleeding disorders or any other conditions leading to anemia not primarily associated with PNH
Estimated glomerular filtration rate <30 milliliters/minute/1.73 meters squared and/or are on dialysis
History of a major organ transplant or hematopoietic stem cell/marrow transplant
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Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

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If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

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Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

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