I-125 Seeds Implantation in the Treatment of Recurrent Lung Cancer After Radiotherapy (RISIRLC)

  • End date
    Apr 30, 2024
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Peking University Third Hospital
Updated on 19 June 2022
systemic therapy
solid tumour
recurrent non-small cell lung cancer
lung carcinoma


Patients with recurrence after radiotherapy are often encountered in clinical practice.Patients with recurrence after radiotherapy are less likely to undergo surgery or secondary radiotherapy, and the guidelines recommend only systemic therapy, although the effective rate is relatively low.For patients with local recurrence without distant metastasis, local treatment is still significant.Radioactive I-125 Seed Implantation (RISI) treatment is to I-125 Radioactive nuclide directly inside the implanted tumors, make its rays to continuous destruction of tumor cells, have inside the tumor target high dose, low dose of normal tissue around, and its radiation is low dose rate, in theory, more conducive to the protection of the normal tissue, more suitable for salvage treatment of recurrence after radiotherapy lesions.Some retrospective studies on RISI treatment of NSCLC showed that the local control rate was up to 25%-80%, and there were few reports of toxic and side effects, suggesting that it had good efficiency and safety.Therefore, for patients with recurrent NSCLC after chest radiotherapy, RISI may be considered.And template technology, 3 d printing is a new kind of technology in recent years, can be individualized and human body surface, the guide posts on the the direction of the puncture needle can be accurately controlled, the current data show that in the template with CT guided by solid tumors as well had significantly higher accuracy, as the actual target dose of basic postoperative can reach the design request of the preoperative planning, so the application of 3D printing template helps to further improve the operation efficiency and safety, also has potential promotion effect to curative effect.The purpose of this study was: (1) to observe the efficacy, toxic and side effects of RISI in the treatment of recurrent NSCLC after radiotherapy under the guidance of 3D printing template assisted CT, and to evaluate its safety and effectiveness;(2) to explore the relationship between the efficacy, toxicity and side effects of RISI dose in the treatment of recurrent NSCLC after radiotherapy;(3) analyze the relevant influencing factors affecting the effect/toxicity of RISI in the treatment of recurrent NSCLC after radiotherapy.


The purpose of this study was to observe the efficacy and adverse reactions of RISI in the treatment of recurrent NSCLC after radiotherapy, and to evaluate its safety and efficacy.To explore the relationship between the efficacy, toxicity and side effects of recurrent NSCLC treated with different RISI doses after radiotherapy.To analyze the relevant influencing factors affecting the efficacy/toxicity of RISI in the treatment of recurrent NSCLC after radiotherapy.

This study is a non-randomized, prospective, single-arm, cohort study.Patients meeting the inclusion criteria were enrolled consecutively in the order of admission and treatment, and a total of 30 patients were expected to be enrolled.The therapeutic dose range of I-125 was 140-160Gy, and the prescribed dose was intended to be divided into 15 cases of 140-150Gy and 150-160Gy, respectively. The specific situation was subject to the actual postoperative verified dose.

Condition Brachytherapy, Non-small Cell Lung Cancer
Treatment 3D-printing Template-assisted CT-guided I-125 Seeds Implantation
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04071418
SponsorPeking University Third Hospital
Last Modified on19 June 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

(1) Age 18-75 years old
(2) Pathological diagnosis of NSCLC, recurrence after radiotherapy, lesion diameter less than 5 cm
(3) No systemic metastasis or metastasis, metastasis has been controlled by pre-treatment
(4) No bleeding tendency, anticoagulant therapy and/or anti-platelet coagulant drugs should be stopped for at least one week before seed implantation
(5) No serious or uncontrolled underlying diseases (such as severe or uncontrolled high). Blood pressure, diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases and organ dysfunction, etc
(6) There is a suitable puncture path, which is expected to achieve the therapeutic dose
(7) KPS > 70 points, which is expected to be able to tolerate puncture/RISI therapy, and the expected survival time is longer than 3 months

Exclusion Criteria

(1) Poor basic pulmonary function with severe emphysema, bullae and interstitial pneumonia
(2) Liquefaction and necrosis in a large area near the mediastinum or focus, with high risk of puncture bleeding or poor seeds distribution
(3) Infection and ulcer in puncture site
(4) Pregnant women, lactating women, children and psychiatric patients
(5) Patients who are participating in other clinical studies
(6) Poor compliance, unable to complete the treatment
(7) The researchers think that it is not appropriate to participate in this clinical trial
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