The Role of Quantitative Measures on Dual-energy CT in the Prediction of Colorectal Adenocarcinoma

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • days left to enroll
    87
  • participants needed
    50
  • sponsor
    Hôpital Fribourgeois
Updated on 4 October 2022

Summary

To demonstrate the potential role of dual-energy computed tomography (DECT) by iodine maps data, aimed at discriminating colon cancer from colon wall pseudo-thickening.

Description

Prospectively, 50 consecutive patients with pathology-proved colorectal tumor (detected by optical colonoscopy) who undergo routine thoraco-abdominal DECT for initial staging in the Department of Radiology at our institution from April 2020, will be included. The exclusion criteria are as follows: patients with body mass index (BMI) above 30 kg/m2, patients with renal insufficiency (estimated glomerular filtration rate < 30 ml/min), allergy to iodinated contrast and a known history of previous abdominal radiotherapy.

All patients will undergo a staging enhanced thoraco-abdominal CT by 256-slices CTs (Revolution CT, GE healthcare) at Fribourg hospital. DECTs will be acquired without an enema, rectal insufflation or oral contrast to have collapsed colorectal wall for further measurements and to simulate routine clinical practice. No additional screening procedures, such as a laboratory or diagnostic tests are necessary for the present study.

Upon acquiring 50 patients, CT quantitative assessments will be performed. Initially, data will be transferred to AW Advantage workstations (GE Healthcare). Thereafter, for each patient, the iodine map images will be created by post-processing by. All CT quantitative measurements will be performed independently by two radiologists. Three regions of interest (ROI) will be applied to colorectal tumor and the normal collapsed colorectal wall (confirmed previously by colonoscopy) and consequently, the mean of these measurements will be reported. These measurements correspond to mean iodine uptake of colorectal tumor and normal collapsed wall, respectively. Finally, the iodine uptake of the tumoral lesion and normal collapsed wall in each patient will be compared to demonstrate the significant difference in iodine uptake. Investigators anticipate that the obtained cut-off value will be a new benchmark in clinical practice, to exclude the colorectal tumors on non-prepared collapsed colon wall and eliminate the need for a complementary colonoscopy.

Details
Condition Colorectal Adenocarcinoma
Treatment No supplementary intervention is performed
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04430127
SponsorHôpital Fribourgeois
Last Modified on4 October 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

pathology-proved colorectal tumor

Exclusion Criteria

BMI above 30 kg/m2
renal insufficiency (estimated glomerular filtration rate < 30 ml/min)
allergy to iodinated contrast, and a
known history of previous abdominal radiotherapy
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