Adjuvant Nivolumab Treatment in Stage II (IIA, IIB, IIC) High-risk Melanoma (NivoMela)

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Jan 2, 2028
  • participants needed
    374
  • sponsor
    University Hospital, Essen
Updated on 7 October 2022

Summary

Stage II patients with primary surgical treatment of cuMM are often at risk for recurrence of their disease. This risk may be reduced by adjuvant systemic treatment. Due to toxicities of adjuvant therapies the aim is to identify patients at high risk for relapse and to administer adjuvant treatment only to these patients. Thus an optimal balance between insufficient treatment vs. overtreatment has to be found.

To define these patients a prognostic biomarker test will be used in addition to conventional AJCC staging. AJCC staging takes into account several prognostic factors. However, to subdivide stage II melanoma patients into having a low or high risk for relapse further methods are needed.

This clinical trial will evaluate whether adjuvant nivolumab treatment will improve relapse-free survival (RFS) in patients with stage II high-risk melanoma as compared to observation only. The randomized approach of this trial offers the most objective method with the least influence of bias. Since patients with stage II melanoma are usually not receiving adjuvant treatment, no patient will be undertreated in case of randomization into observational arm.

Description

The NivoMela trial is a randomized, controlled, prospective, multi-center national phase III trial with biomarker-based risk stratification.

Stage II melanoma patients having undergone surgery of the malignant melanoma will be screened using the MelaGenix GEP score to identify patients at high risk for relapse. It is expected, that 61% of screened patients will belong to this group.

Patients with a risk score of > 0.0 (HR 1.48, 1.11-1.98) corresponding to high risk of relapse will be randomized at a ratio of 2:1 to receive either nivolumab as adjuvant treatment (arm A) or observation only (arm B).

Stratification factors for randomization are:

  1. Tumor stage: IIA versus IIB versus IIC
  2. Gender: Female versus Male
  3. Site of primary tumor: extremities versus trunk versus head &neck

All screened patients with a risk score of ≤ 0.0 who are not eligible for randomization will be followed for RFS, DMFS and OS for at least 5 years according to German Follow-up guidelines (Arm C).

Various factors that could potentially predict clinical response and incidence of AEs to treatment with nivolumab will be investigated in peripheral blood and tumor specimen taken at baseline. Data from these investigations will be evaluated for associations with clinical efficacy (eg, ORR, PFS, OS) and safety/toxicity (AE). The samples may also be used for exploratory analyses to assess biomarkers associated with melanoma and/or with immunotherapy treatment.

Details
Condition Malignant Melanoma Stage II
Treatment Nivolumab
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04309409
SponsorUniversity Hospital, Essen
Last Modified on7 October 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Histologically confirmed diagnosis of stage II (AJCCv8) melanoma arising from a primary cutaneous site after surgery therapy
Sentinel node biopsy (SNB) without detection of melanoma deposits
Randomization not later than 12 weeks after SNB procedure
Tumor tissue from primary tumor must be provided for biomarker analyses. In order to be randomized, a subject must be classified by MelaGenix risk analysis
Men and women at the age of 18 to 80 years
Signed written, informed consent
Patients must be willing and able to comply with scheduled visits, treatment schedule, laboratory testing, and other requirements of the study
Minimum life expectancy of five years excluding their melanoma diagnosis
ECOG performance status of 0-1
Screening laboratory values must meet the following criteria and should be obtained within 14 days prior to randomization
White blood cells (WBC) ≥ 2000/μL
Neutrophils ≥ 1500/μL
Platelets ≥ 100 x103/μL
Hemoglobin ≥ 9.0 g/dL
Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5xUL
Creatinine clearance (CrCl) ≥ 40mL/min (using the Cockcroft-Gault formula)
AST / ALT ≤ 3 x ULN
Total Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN (except subjects with Gilbert Syndrome, who may have total bilirubin < 3.0 mg/dL)
Negative serum or urine pregnancy test (minimum sensitivity 25 IU/L or equivalent
Women will be considered to be of childbearing potential unless surgically
units of HCG) for women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) within 72 hours
sterilized (hysterectomy, bilateral tubal ligation, or bilateral
prior to registration
oophorectomy), or being post-menopausal for at least 24 months or being
IU/L
amenorrheic for > 12 months and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) levels ≥ 40
WOCBP and male patients with partners of childbearing potential must agree to always use a highly effective form of contraception according to CTFG during the course of this study and for at least 5 months after last dose of study medication (in Arm A only)

Exclusion Criteria

History of primary uveal or mucosal melanoma
No access to sufficient tumor tissue of primary tumor
SNB procedure > 12 weeks before randomization
Prior active malignancy within the previous 3 years except for locally curable cancers that have been apparently cured, such as: basal or squamous cell skin cancer, superficial bladder cancer or carcinoma in situ of the prostate, cervix, or breast. Exception: Participants with a history of non-ulcerated cutaneous/acral primary melanoma <1 mm in depth with no nodal involvement are allowed in this trial
Prior or planned therapy with Interferon alpha, CTLA4 or PD-1 / PD L1 antibodies
Use of any investigational or non-registered product (drug or vaccine) other than the study treatment
Administration of live vaccines within 4 weeks before start of study therapy
Any immunosuppressive therapy given within the past 30 days
Active psychiatric or addictive disorders that may compromise his/her ability to give informed consent or to comply with the trial procedures
Active immune deficiencies or significant autoimmune disease
Serious cardiac, gastrointestinal, hepatic or pulmonary disease which would reduce life expectancy to less than five years
Serious intercurrent illness, requiring hospitalization
Other serious illnesses, e.g., serious infections requiring antibiotics or bleeding disorders
The patient is known to be positive for Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) or other active chronic infections (HBV, HCV) or has another confirmed or suspected immunosuppressive or immunodeficient condition
Any serious or uncontrolled medical disorder that, in the opinion of the investigator, may increase the risk associated with study participation or study drug administration, impair the ability of the subject to receive protocol therapy, or interfere with the interpretation of study results
Hypersensitivity to the active substance or to any of the excipients
Participation in another clinical study within the 30 days before registration
For female patients: Pregnancy or breast-feeding
For WOCBP and male patients with partners of childbearing potential: Refusal or inability to use effective means of contraception
Lack of availability for clinical follow-up assessments
Legal incapacity or limited legal capacity
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