A Study to Assess the Safety and Efficacy of a Subcutaneous Formulation of Efgartigimod in Adults With Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy (CIDP, an Autoimmune Disorder That Affects the Peripheral Nerves) (ADHERE)

  • End date
    Aug 15, 2023
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
Updated on 30 June 2022
autoimmune disease


This is a Phase 2 study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the subcutaneous formulation of efgartigimod in adults with CIDP.

Condition Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy (CIDP)
Treatment efgartigimod PH20 SC in stage B, placebo in stage B
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04281472
Last Modified on30 June 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Ability to understand the requirements of the trial, provide written informed consent (include consent for the use and disclosure of research-related health information), willingness and ability to comply with the trial protocol procedures (including required trial visits)
Male or female patient aged 18 years or older, at the time of signing the informed consent
Diagnosed with probable or definite CIDP according to criteria of the European Federation of Neurological Societies/Peripheral Nerve Society (EFNS/PNS 2010), progressing or relapsing forms
CIDP Disease Activity Status (CDAS) score ≥2 at screening
INCAT score ≥2 at the first run-in visit (for patients entering run-in) or stage A baseline (for treatment-naïve patients with documented evidence for worsening on the total adjusted INCAT disability score within 3 months prior to screening). Patients with an INCAT score of 2 at trial entry must have this score exclusively from the leg disability score; for patients with an INCAT score of ≥3 at trial entry, there are no specific requirements for arm or leg scores
Fulfilling any of the following treatment conditions
Currently treated with pulsed corticosteroids, oral corticosteroids equivalent to prednisolone/prednisone ≤10mg/day, and/or IVIg or SCIg, if this treatment has been started within the last 5 years before screening, and the patient is willing to discontinue this treatment at the first run-in visit; or
Without previous treatment (treatment-naive); or
Treatment with corticosteroids and/or IVIg or SCIg discontinued at least 6 months prior to screening Note: Patients not treated with monthly or daily corticosteroids, IVIg or SCIg for at least 6 months prior to screening are considered as equal to treatment-naïve patients
Women of childbearing potential who have a negative pregnancy test at screening and a
negative urine pregnancy test up to Stage A baseline
Women of childbearing potential must use a highly effective or acceptable method of contraception from screening to 90 days after the last administration of IMP
Male patients agree not to donate sperm during the trial period and 90 days thereafter

Exclusion Criteria

Pure sensory atypical CIDP (EFNS/PNS definition)
Polyneuropathy of other causes, including the following: Multifocal motor neuropathy; Monoclonal gammopathy of uncertain significance with anti-myelin associated, glycoprotein immunoglobulin M (IgM) antibodies; Hereditary demyelinating neuropathy; Polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal protein and skin change syndromes; Lumbosacral radiculoplexus neuropathy; Polyneuropathy most likely due to diabetes mellitus; Polyneuropathy most likely due to systemic illnesses; Drug- or toxin-induced polyneuropathy
Any other disease that could better explain the patient's signs and symptoms
Any history of myelopathy or evidence of central demyelination
Current or past history (within 12 months of screening) of alcohol, drug or medication abuse
Severe psychiatric disorder (such as severe depression, psychosis, bipolar disorder), history of suicide attempt, or current suicidal ideation that in the opinion of the investigator could create undue risk to the patient or could affect adherence with the trial protocol
Patients with clinically significant active or chronic uncontrolled bacterial, viral, or fungal infection at screening, including patients who test positive for an active viral infection at screening with: Active Hepatitis B Virus (HBV): serologic panel test results indicative of an active (acute or chronic) infection; Active Hepatitis C Virus (HCV): serology positive for HCV-Ab; Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) positive serology associated with an Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)-defining condition or with a cluster of differentiation 4 (CD4) count ≤200 cells/mm3
Total IgG level <6 g/L at screening
Pregnant and lactating women and those intending to become pregnant during the trial or within 90 days after last IMP administration
Treatment with the following: Within 3 months (or 5 half-lives of the drug, whichever is longer) before screening: plasma exchange or immunoadsorption, any concomitant Fc-containing therapeutic agents or other biological, or any other investigational product; Within 6 months before screening: rituximab, alemtuzumab, any other monoclonal antibody, cyclophosphamide, interferon, tumor necrosis factor-alpha inhibitors, fingolimod, methotrexate, azathioprine, mycophenolate, any other immunomodulating or immunosuppressive medications, and oral daily corticosteroids >10 mg/day. Note: Patients using IVIg, SCIg, pulsed corticosteroids, and oral daily corticosteroids ≤10 mg/day can be included
Patients with any other known autoimmune disease that, in the opinion of the investigator, would interfere with an accurate assessment of clinical symptoms of CIDP
Patients who received a live-attenuated vaccine fewer than 28 days before screening. Receiving an inactivated, sub-unit, polysaccharide, or conjugate vaccine any time before screening is not exclusionary
Patients who previously participated in a trial with efgartigimod and have received at least one administration of IMP
Patients who have a history of malignancy unless deemed cured by adequate treatment with no evidence of recurrence for ≥3 years before the first IMP administration. Patients with the following cancer can be included anytime: Adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, Carcinoma in situ of the cervix, Carcinoma in situ of the breast, or Incidental histological finding of Prostate cancer (TNM [tumor, nodes, and metastases classification] stage T1a or T1b)
Patients with known medical history of hypersensitivity to any of the ingredients of IMP
Patients with clinical evidence of other significant serious disease or patients who underwent a recent or have a planned major surgery, or any other reason which could confound the results of the trial or put the patient at undue risk
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