Neoadjuvant PRRT With 177Lu-DOTATATE Followed by Surgery for Resectable PanNET

  • STATUS
    Not Recruiting
  • End date
    Nov 30, 2022
  • participants needed
    30
  • sponsor
    IRCCS San Raffaele
Updated on 13 June 2022
ct scan
cancer
somatostatin
metastasis
liver metastasis
dotatate
pet/ct scan
ki-67
radionuclide therapy
edotreotide
pancreatic net

Summary

Peptide Receptor Radionuclide Therapy (PRRT) is based on specific somatostatin receptor targeting with radiolabelled analogues 90Y-DOTATOC and 177Lu-DOTATATE. These two most commonly used radiopeptides, 90Y-DOTATOC and 177Lu-DOTATATE, produce overall objective response rates of 15-35%. PRRT is generally well tolerated with mild toxicity, if the necessary precautions, such as the co-administration of nephroprotective amino acids or the adjustment of the administered activity, are taken.

The main aim of this study is to evaluate the safety and the efficacy of neoadjuvant PRRT with 177Lu-DOTATATE followed by surgical resection for resectable non-functioning PanNETs at high risk of recurrence.

The primary endpoint is the Rate of postoperative 90-day morbidity and mortality after neoadjuvant PRRT with 177Lu-DOTATATE followed by pancreatic resection and the secondary endpoints are:

  1. Rate of objective radiological response to PRRT with 177Lu-DOTATATE according to modified RECIST criteria (mRECIST)
  2. Quality of life (QoL) after neoadjuvant PRRT followed by pancreatic surgical resection.

The study is designed as a prospective phase II single-arm trial. 8 Italian centers will participate to the study (6 surgical sites, 2 nuclear medicine sites).

Patients will be recruited for 12 months. The study will end 2 months after operation of the last patient enrolled and the total duration of the study will be 24 months.

Sample size estimation: 30 patients

Description

Rationale

In a recent study un initial experience was reported with neoadjuvant PRRT followed by surgical resection in patients affected by PanNETs. In this study, patients with resectable or potentially resectable PanNETs at high risk of recurrence after surgery who underwent neoadjuvant PRRT were compared with a group of patients who underwent upfront surgery. Of note, patients who underwent neoadjuvant PRRT had a significant lower risk of developing pancreatic fistula and a lower risk of postoperative complications. Moreover, among those patients who underwent curative resection, patients who received PRRT had a progression-free survival significantly longer after compared to upfront surgery. Neoadjuvant PRRT may be a valuable option to reduce the risk of failure after surgery in patients with PanNETs who are at high risk of recurrence. Nevertheless, the safety and the efficacy of neoadjuvant PRRT has never been investigated in a prospective trial.

The main aim of this study is to evaluate the safety and the efficacy of neoadjuvant PRRT with 177Lu-DOTATATE followed by surgical resection for resectable non-functioning PanNETs at high risk of recurrence.

The primary endpoint is the Rate of postoperative 90-day morbidity and mortality after neoadjuvant PRRT with 177Lu-DOTATATE followed by pancreatic resection and the secondary endpoints are:

  1. Rate of objective radiological response to PRRT with 177Lu-DOTATATE according to modified RECIST criteria (mRECIST)
  2. Quality of life (QoL) after neoadjuvant PRRT followed by pancreatic surgical resection.

The study is designed as a prospective phase II single-arm trial. 8 Italian centers will participate to the study (6 surgical sites, 2 nuclear medicine sites).

Patients will be recruited for 12 months. The study will end 2 months after operation of the last patient enrolled and the total duration of the study will be 24 months.

Sample size:

By using the Single-Stage Phase II sample size method, we estimated a sample size of 30 patients to test if the proportion of patients without postoperative complications (responses) is more than or equal to 57% (p1 ) or less than equal to 39% (p0 ).

To be enrol in the study, all the patients should have a cytological/histological confirmation of PanNET and meet one or more inclusion criteria. Moreover, all the exclusion criteria should have been ruled out.

Patients will undergo the following laboratory examinations at week 0, week 1, week 9, week 17, week 25, week 38, week 40, week 45-52: blood cell count, urea, creatinine, sodium, potassium, cloride, calcium, glucose, bilirubin, AST, ALT, LDH, GGT, ALP, Albumin, urine test. Gravindex will be executed at week 0, week 1, week 9, week 17, week 25, week 40 and they will be asked to fill a quality of life questionnaire at wwk 0, week 38, week 40-52.

Enrolled patients will be treated with standard pancreatic resection according to PanNET localization, after a course (4 cycles) of neoadjuvant PRRT with 177Lu-DOTATATE.

Patients will receive a cumulative activity of 29.600 MBq (800 mCi), divided in 4 administrations (or cycles) of 7.400 MBq (200 mCi) each, with treatment intervals of 6-8 weeks. The per-cycle activity of 177Lu-DOTATATE (and consequently the cumulative activity) might be reduced if relevant blood and renal toxicity, or other side effects, will occur during the course of PRRT.

177Lu-DOTATATE will be slowly injected intravenously over a period of 30 minutes and using a dedicated pump-system of infusion.

During the administration of the therapy, performed into a dedicated room of the Nuclear Medicine Division, the Health Physics staff will monitor the patient by means of an ionization chamber, in order to check the completeness of the radiopeptide administration.

In order to obtain an adequate hydration of the patient and to protect the renal parenchyma during the phase of excretion of the radiopharmaceutical from an excessive tubular reuptake of radiopetide, the administration of the radiopharmaceutical will be preceded and followed (without interruption) with intravenous infusion of 1000 ml of 0.9% sodium chloride solution containing L-Arginine hydrochloride and/or Lysine.

The gamma emission of 177Lu (113 and 208 KeV, relative abundance 6 and 11%, respectively) allows a suitable observation of the radiopharmaceutical biodistribution during the entire therapeutic phase.

After 16-24 hours from administration of 177Lu-DOTATATE (and for each treatment cycle) patients will undergo anterior and posterior whole body scan (imaging will be acquired on a 128x512 matrix, by means a double-headed gamma-camera, equipped with a low-energy high-resolution collimator (LEHR), with energetic window set on 177Lu peaks.) in order to verify the correct bio-distribution of the radiopharmaceutical and its focal uptake into the target lesions.

Moreover, at 1st and 4th cycle, when feasible and indicated, a more accurate imaging evaluation will be performed by using SPECT or SPECT/CT imaging (6-24 hours after administration), in order to quantify percentage of radiopharmaceutical uptake and half-life, absorbed dose, effective biological dose (BED), equivalent uniform dose (EUD) both in target lesions and critical organs (bone marrow and kidney) and correlate these parameters with the response to the treatment) and with the toxicity profile.

All patients will be re-evaluated 3 months after the 4th cycle of PRRT, in order to assess the rate of objective radiological response, according to mRECIST.

Patients will undergo standard pancreatic surgery plus lymphadenectomy at one of the participating surgical site identified in the protocol. Pancreatic resection will be performed according to the localization and extended to nearby organs and/or vessels when invasion is present. Concomitant liver resection may be performed in the presence of liver metastasis.

Assessment of outcomes. 90-day post-operative mortality and morbidity will be classified according to the definition proposed by Dindo et al.

The rate of objective radiological response to PRRT with 177Lu-OTATATE according to modified RECIST criteria (mRECIST).

The quality of life (QoL) at diagnostic workup, after neoadjuvant PRRT and after the pancreatic surgical resection, will be evaluated by EORTC-QLQ-C30 questionnaire.

Data will be collected with CRFs and information will be recorded in a protected database.

Details
Condition neuroendocrine tumour, Neuroectodermal Tumor, neuroendocrine tumors, Neuroendocrine Tumor, Neurectoderma
Treatment 177Lu-Dotatate
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04385992
SponsorIRCCS San Raffaele
Last Modified on13 June 2022

Similar trials to consider

Loading...

Browse trials for

Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 

 • 

Private

Reply by • Private
Loading...

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.
Loading...

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note