Last updated on May 2020

Greenlight Vaporization vs Xpeeda Vaporesection


Brief description of study

Bothersome lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a common problem, which impact patients' quality of life. It may lead to serious outcomes, including urinary tract infection, hematuria, bladder stones, urinary retention, hydronephrosis, and rarely renal insufficiency.

Introduction of the Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) represented a turning point in minimally invasive laser therapy for BPH as it achieves size-independent prostatic cavities similar to simple open prostatectomy with significantly lower perioperative morbidity.

Recently, Holmium Xpeeda side firing fibre was introduced and it stands apart from other available technologies as a combination of power and efficiency, which minimizes vaporization time. This technology seems to revolutionize utilization of the Holmium power and delivering more energy directly to the tissue, due to its capability of being in contact with the tissue.

To date, no outcomes of the new Xpeeda laser fiber have been reported in the literature, which is striving for trials comparing XPS 180W with other competitors such as Holmium vaporesection with the new fiber Xpeeda. Therefore, this study is planned to compare both procedures in improving bothersome LUTS secondary to BPH, and to evaluate safety and cost effectiveness.

Detailed Study Description

Bothersome lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a common problem, which impact patients' quality of life. It may lead to serious outcomes, including urinary tract infection, hematuria, bladder stones, urinary retention, hydronephrosis, and rarely renal insufficiency. Symptoms of BPH are due to prostatic enlargement, increased smooth muscle tone from the bladder and prostate, and changes in bladder contractility leading to lower urinary tract obstruction, which may cause permanent kidney damage if left untreated.

Introduction of the Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) represented a turning point in minimally invasive laser therapy for BPH as it achieves size-independent prostatic cavities similar to simple open prostatectomy with significantly lower perioperative morbidity. It has successfully passed the steps of validation through a growing number of well-designed randomized controlled studies to have a high level of evidence for safety and efficacy. The pulsed nature of holmium laser allows the plane of enucleation to be easier to develop and follow and gives superior visibility than the electro-cauterization with less charring of tissue.

HoLEP proved itself as the only endoscopic procedure with superior efficacy compared to the traditional transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP). Furthermore, it is not only safe, effective, size-independent and durable even in patients with coagulopathy, but also more cost-effective than TURP. Meta-analyses have confirmed how well established HoLEP has now become, with a low long-term retreatment rate and the more pronounced improvement in prostate symptoms score and flow rate than after TURP.

Recently, Holmium Xpeeda side firing fibre was introduced and it stands apart from other available technologies as a combination of power and efficiency, which minimizes vaporization time. This technology seems to revolutionize utilization of the Holmium power and delivering more energy directly to the tissue, due to its capability of being in contact with the tissue. Moreover, hemostasis would be improved by the pulse reshaping technology with a wider pulse width, activated by a dedicated footswitch. Therefore, the Lumenis Pulse 100W will make prostate vaporesection procedures more precise, faster and efficient, with excellent hemostasis. Consequently, bleeding is minimal, tissue is easier to remove and patients can have their catheter removed faster.

On the other hand, Greenlight 532nm laser photoselective vaporization of the prostate (PVP) is an appealing treatment modality with hemoglobin as tissue target chromophore and relatively short learning curve. The introduction of the Xcelerated Performance System (XPS) 180W in 2010 with the MoXy fibres represents the highest-powered system currently in use for this type of laser. It encourages the adoption of the enucleation principle, making it a real contender to HoLEP in treating large adenomas. Despite the fact that large prostates often require more energy and longer operative time, the XPS system has reduced the operative time and number of fibres required in these situations.

Elmansy et al reported that Greenlight vaporization and Holmium laser ablation of the prostate (HoLAP) are effective surgical treatments for BPH in small to medium prostates. The two techniques have similar functional outcomes and complication rates. Subjective and objective voiding parameters showed significant improvement lasting for up to 3 years, confirming the long lasting, durable effects of each technique.

To date, no outcomes of the new Xpeeda laser fiber have been reported in the literature, which is striving for trials comparing XPS 180W with other competitors such as Holmium vaporesection with the new fiber Xpeeda. Therefore, this study is planned to compare both procedures in improving bothersome LUTS secondary to BPH, and to evaluate safety and cost effectiveness.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT04386941

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