Efficacy of Closed-loop Insulin Therapy in Adults Prone to Hypoglycemia

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Feb 3, 2023
  • participants needed
    72
  • sponsor
    University Hospital, Montpellier
Updated on 22 December 2021

Summary

This study is a RCT of 3 month at home comparing closed-loop control (CLC) system vs sensor and pump therapy (S&P), with a 3-month extension phase, in Type 1 diabetic patient prone to hypoglycemia. After a 2-week run-in phase with blinded CGM, patients who spent 5% or more time below 70mg/dL will be eligible to continue. They will will be randomly assigned 2:1 to the use of closed-loop control (CLC) using Tandem Control-IQ vs S&P for 3 months, which is the timing of the primary outcome for the RCT. After 3 months, the S&P group will use CLC for up to 3 months and the CLC group will continue using CLC for up to 3 additional months.

Description

This study is randomized controlled trial of 3 month at home closed-loop control (CLC) system vs sensor and pump therapy (S&P), with a 3-month extension phase. The objective is to assess the efficacy and safety of home use of a Control-to-Range (CTR) closed-loop (CL) system in patients with type 1 diabetes prone to hypoglycemia.

The CLC system will consist of Tandem Control-IQ Automated Insulin Delivery System (AIDS), including Tandem X2 insulin pump with embedded Control-IQ algorithm and Dexcom G6 CGM

After consent is signed, eligibility will be assessed. All participants will initiate a run-in phase of 2 weeks of blinded Dexcom G6 CGM wear and personal insulin pump.

Prior to overall initiation of the RCT, the time spent with CGM below 70 mg/dl during the run-in phase will be assessed. Only patients showing % time with CGM <70 mg/dl of 5% or above can be randomized. Included patients who cannot be randomized will be replaced.

Subsequent participants who show randomization criteria during the run-in phase will be randomly assigned 2:1 to the use of closed-loop control (CLC) using Tandem Control-IQ vs S&P for 3 months, which is the timing of the primary outcome for the RCT.

After 3 months, the S&P group will use CLC for up to 3 months and the CLC group will continue using CLC for up to 3 additional months.

Details
Condition Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus With Hypoglycemia
Treatment Closed-loop insulin infusion driven by continuous glucose monitoring through an algorithm, in free-life conditions, Continuous Subcutaneous Insulin Infusion and Continuous Glucose Monitoring
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04266379
SponsorUniversity Hospital, Montpellier
Last Modified on22 December 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Clinical diagnosis, based on investigator assessment, of type 1 diabetes for at least one year and using insulin for at least 1 year
Use of an insulin pump for at least 6 months
Age ≥18 .0 years old
HbA1c level <10.5% at screening
Clarke score >3 and/or experience of severe hypoglycemia during the previous 6 months
For females, not currently known to be pregnant If female and sexually active, must agree to use a form of contraception to prevent pregnancy while a participant in the study. A negative serum or urine pregnancy test will be required for all premenopausal women who are not surgically sterile. Participants who become pregnant will be discontinued from the study. Also, participants who during the study develop and express the intention to become pregnant within the timespan of the study will be discontinued
Willingness not to use glucose-lowering agents (such as Pramlintide, Metformin, GLP-1 analogs, SGLT2 inhibitors) during the study. This does not concern treatment with Metformin active and stable for more than 3 months prior the inclusion. Moreover, the use of SGLT2 inhibitors is not allowed in the 3 months prior to enrollment
Willingness to suspend use of any personal CGM for the duration of the clinical trial
Willingness to establish network connectivity on at least a weekly basis
Currently using no insulins other than one of the following rapid-acting insulins at the time of enrollment: insulin lispro (Humalog), insulin aspart (Novolog). Patients using glulisine (Apidra) may switch to lispro or aspart at least one month prior to enrollment
Investigator has confidence that the participant can successfully operate all study devices and is capable of adhering to the protocol
Subject is covered by social health or similar insurance
Informed consent form signed

Exclusion Criteria

Use of SGLT2 inhibitors in the 3 months prior to enrollment
Hemophilia or any other bleeding disorder
A condition, which in the opinion of the investigator or designee, would put the participant or study at risk
Participation in another pharmaceutical or device trial at the time of enrollment or during the study
Employed by, or having immediate family members employed by Tandem or Dexcom
Persons deprived of freedom, protected by law or vulnerable persons
Any associated chronic disease or therapy (except insulin) affecting glucose metabolism
Impaired renal function (Creatinine Clearance < 30 ml/min)
Patient who had pancreas transplantation or pancreatic islet transplantation
Patient having severe problems of uncorrected hearing and/or visual acuity
Subjects with known allergy to CGM adhesives
Patients that have frequent exposure to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT) scan, or high-frequency electrical heat (diathermy) treatment
Patient without any social or familial support able to intervene in case of severe hypoglycemic episode
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