Comparative Effectiveness of Direct Admission & Admission Through Emergency Departments for Children

  • End date
    Jan 31, 2023
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center
Updated on 2 May 2022


At a national level, emergency departments (EDs) serve as the portal of hospital admission for 75% of hospitalized children. The remainder occur via direct admission, defined as admission to hospital without first receiving care in the hospital's ED. The overall goals of this research are to: (i) implement pediatric direct admission systems at 3 hospitals, (ii) compare the timeliness of healthcare delivery for children who are admitted directly and through emergency departments, (iii) determine which patient populations achieve the greatest benefits from direct admission, and (iv) identify barriers and facilitators of successful implementation.


The Specific Aims of this research are to: (i) Determine the effect of a pediatric direct admission system on timeliness of healthcare provision (the investigator's primary outcome), family experience of care, and rates of clinical deterioration compared to hospital admission beginning in the ED; (ii) Identify the pediatric populations and conditions that experience the greatest benefits from direct admission; and (iii) Through interviews with key informants, identify barriers to and facilitators of implementing standardized direct admission processes.

To achieve these Aims, a stepped-wedge cluster randomized controlled trial at three geographically diverse hospitals in the United States will be conducted, randomizing primary and urgent care practices in the hospitals' catchment area to cross over to the direct admission intervention at four time points. Linear models with random effects for clusters and time period fixed effects will be used to evaluate outcomes associated with the direct admission intervention. To examine for heterogeneity of treatment effects, interactions between direct admission and a priori-specified subgroups will be examined.

Condition Hospitalization, Child Health
Treatment Direct admission, ED admission
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04192799
SponsorDartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center
Last Modified on2 May 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Child has one of the following presenting diagnoses
skin and soft tissue infection
urinary tract infection/pyelonephritis
viral infection not otherwise specified

Exclusion Criteria

Ineligible children include those
with planned admissions (i.e., chemotherapy)
admitted to non-pediatric hospital medicine services (i.e., intensive care)
transferred from other hospitals
Clear my responses

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a study center
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

You are contacting

Investigator Avatar

Primary Contact



Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

Learn more

Similar trials to consider


Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 



Reply by • Private

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note