Nivolumab/Ipilimumab in Second Line CUP-syndrome (CheCUP)

  • End date
    Dec 24, 2022
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    University Hospital Heidelberg
Updated on 5 March 2022


To compare the efficacy of nivolumab plus ipilimumab in subjects with high vs. Intermediate/low TMB poor-prognosis CUP (non-specific subset) who are relapsed or refractory to platinum-based first-line chemotherapy.

To evaluate the efficacy of nivolumab plus ipilimumab in subjects with poor-prognosis CUP (non-specific subset) who are relapsed or refractory to platinum-based first-line chemotherapy

Condition Cancer of Unknown Primary Site
Treatment Nivolumab/Ipilimumab
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04131621
SponsorUniversity Hospital Heidelberg
Last Modified on5 March 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Signed Informed Consent Form
Able and willing to comply with the study protocol
Age 18 years at time of signing Informed Consent Form
Histologically-confirmed disseminated or advanced unresectable CUP diagnosed according the criteria defined in the 2015 ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines for CUP. Acceptable disease histology includes
Adenocarcinoma of unknown primary site (ACUP)
Poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma of unknown primary site
Poorly differentiated carcinoma of unknown primary site
Squamous cell carcinoma of unknown primary site (SCUP)
At least one lesion that is measurable according to RECIST v1.1
Availability of a tumor FFPE block either fresh or archival if obtained 6 months at Screening that is sufficient for generation of a TruSight Oncology 500 (TSO500) panel at the central reference pathology laboratory
Availability of test reports confirming local CUP diagnosis. If test reports confirming local CUP diagnosis are not available, an FFPE block must be submitted that is sufficient to allow for central confirmation of CUP diagnosis
Disease relapse or progression after at least three cycles of a platinum-based standard chemotherapy. There is no upper limit of prior treatments received
ECOG performance status of 0 - 2
Life expectancy 12 weeks
Eligible for immune checkpoint inhibitor
Adequate hematologic and end-organ function
For women of childbearing potential and men capable of reproduction: agreement to remain abstinent (refrain from heterosexual intercourse) or use contraceptive methods with a failure rate of < 1% per year during the treatment period and for at least 5 months for women and 7 months for men, respectively after the last dose of study treatment
Recovery from significant toxicity from platinum-doublet therapy to Grade 1, except for alopecia and for neurosensory toxicity, which must be 2
Recovery from active infections requiring intravenous antibiotics, with antibiotic therapy ceased for 7 days prior to planned start of therapy

Exclusion Criteria

Subjects with any of the specific non-CUP neoplasms identified in the ESMO CUP guidelines, including
Non-epithelial cancer
Extragonadal germ-cell tumor
Subjects belonging to any of the following subsets of CUP with favorable prognoses
Poorly differentiated carcinoma with midline distribution
Women with papillary adenocarcinoma of the peritoneal cavity
Women with adenocarcinoma involving only the axillary lymph nodes
Squamous cell carcinoma restricted to cervical lymph nodes
Poorly and well differentiated neuroendocrine tumors
Men with blastic bone metastases and elevated PSA
Subjects with a single, small tumor potentially resectable and/or amenable to radiotherapy with curative intent
Colon cancer-type CUP
Known presence of brain or spinal cord metastasis (including metastases that have been irradiated), as determined by CT or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) evaluation during screening
History or known presence of leptomeningeal disease
Uncontrolled or symptomatic hypercalcemia (serum calcium 2.9mmol/L)
Known clinically significant history of liver disease consistent with Child-Pugh Class B or C, including active viral or other hepatitis, current alcohol abuse, or cirrhosis
Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection
Positive for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection at screening
Positive for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) at screening
Active tuberculosis at Screening
Significant cardiovascular disease (such as New York Heart Association Class II or greater cardiac disease, myocardial infarction, or cerebrovascular accident) within 3 months prior to initiation of study treatment, unstable arrhythmia (including active ventricular arrhythmia requiring medication), or unstable angina
Major surgical procedure, other than for diagnosis, within 4 weeks prior to initiation of study treatment, or anticipation of need for a major surgical procedure during the study
History of malignancy other than CUP within 5 years prior to screening, with the exception of malignancies with a negligible risk of metastasis or death (e.g., 5-year OS rate > 90%), such as adequately treated carcinoma in situ of the cervix, non melanoma skin carcinoma, localized prostate cancer, ductal carcinoma in situ, or stage I uterine cancer
Prior allogeneic stem cell or solid organ transplantation
Any other disease, metabolic dysfunction, physical examination finding, or clinical laboratory finding that contraindicates the use of an investigational drug, may affect the interpretation of the results, or may render the patient at high risk from treatment complications
Treatment with investigational therapy within 28 days prior to initiation of study treatment
Known allergy or hypersensitivity to any component of the immunotherapy, including history of severe allergic anaphylactic reactions to chimeric or humanized antibodies or fusion proteins and to Chinese hamster ovary cell products or other recombinant human or humanized antibodies for nivolumab and ipilimumab
Subjects with an active, known or suspected autoimmune disease, including, but not limited to, myasthenia gravis, myositis, autoimmune hepatitis, myocarditis, systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, antiphospholipid antibody syndrome, Wegener granulomatosis, Sjgren syndrome, Guillain-Barr syndrome, or multiple sclerosis. Subjects with type I diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism only requiring hormone replacement, skin disorders (such as vitiligo, psoriasis, or alopecia) not requiring systemic treatment, or conditions not expected to recur in the absence of an external trigger are permitted to enroll
Subjects with a condition requiring systemic treatment with either corticosteroids (> 10 mg daily prednisone equivalents, or other immuno-suppressive medications within 14 days of study treatment. Inhaled or topical steroids and adrenal replacement doses > 10 mg daily prednisone equivalents for adults, or > 0.25 mg/kg daily prednisone equivalent for adolescents are permitted, in the absence of active autoimmune disease
Subjects who received prior treatment with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, anti-PD-L2, anti-CD137, or anti-CTLA-4 antibody, or any other antibody or drug specifically targeting T-cell co-stimulation or checkpoint pathways
All toxicities attributed to prior anti-cancer therapy other than alopecia and fatigue must have resolved to Grade 1 (NCI CTCAE version 5) or baseline before administration of study drug. Subjects with toxicities attributed to prior anti-cancer therapy which are not expected to resolve and result in long lasting sequelae, such as neuropathy after platinum based therapy, are permitted to enroll
Treatment with any chemotherapy, radiation therapy, biologics for cancer, or investigational therapy within 28 days of first administration of study treatment (subjects with prior cytotoxic or investigational products < 4 weeks prior to treatment initiation might be eligible after discussion between investigator and sponsor, if toxicities from the prior treatment have been resolved to Grade 1 (NCI CTCAE version 5)
Subjects must not have received a live / attenuated vaccine within 30 days of first treatment
Pregnancy or breastfeeding, or intention of becoming pregnant during study treatment or within 5 months after the last dose of study treatment or intention of fathering a child within 7 months after the last dose of study treatment
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