Study of Tacrolimus vs Mycophenolate Mofetil in Pediatric Patients With Nephrotic Syndrome

  • End date
    Dec 31, 2022
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    The Children's Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine
Updated on 12 June 2021


Primary nephrotic syndrome accounts for approximately 90% of the total number of nephrotic syndrome in childhood and it is the most common glomerular disease in children. Although treatment with steroids is uesful for primary nephrotic syndrome, proning to cause frequent relapse/steroid-dependent nephrotic syndrome after treatment, and the usage of immunosuppressive agents has become a new choice for the treatment of such patients. This study is a prospective, randomized, multicenter, open, parallel controlled trial, evaluating the efficacy and safety of steroid combined with the immunosuppressive agents which are tacrolimus and mycophenolate mofetil to children who with frequently relapsing or steroid-dependent nephrotic syndrome, all we wish to obtain the proper drug choice and individualized treatment options for children with nephrotic syndrome.


Although steroids are recognized as first-line treatments for nephrotic syndrome, the vast majority of children relapse, and about half of them have frequent relapse or steroids dependence after treatment with steroids alone. Some children experienced steroids-resistance after multiple relapses, and eventually developed into chronic kidney dysfunction. Long-term or repeated application of large doses of steroids will lead to side effects such as obesity, growth retardation, and hypertension. Although the treatment of steroids with immunosuppressive agents is a new choice for the treatment of such patients, traditional immunosuppressive agents such as cyclophosphamide and cyclosporine A will bring some serious irreversible side effects, while immunosuppressive agents tacrolimus has the dual effects of immunosuppression and podocyte protection, and is more widely used in the department of nephrology, what's more, the other immunosuppressive agents mycophenolate mofetil has advantage of no kidney toxic, less adverse reactions and higher safety, which gradually being valued by nephrologists in recent years. This study mainly compares the efficacy and safety of tacrolimus and mycophenolate mofetil in the treatment of children with frequently relapsing or steroids-dependent nephrotic syndrome, in order to provide a more effective and safer treatment for children with nephrotic syndrome as well as the therapeutic medication options.

Condition Nephrotic Syndrome in Children
Treatment mycophenolate mofetil, Tacrolimus
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04048161
SponsorThe Children's Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine
Last Modified on12 June 2021


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Sensitive but frequent relapses or steroids dependence nephrotic syndrome
Age: 2 to 18 years old
Normal renal function: estimated glomerular filtration rate 90ml/min/1.73m2
Morning urine protein <1+ or urine protein-creatinine ratio <0.2g/g (<20 mg/mmol) for 3 consecutive days and above when in enroll
No tacrolimus, mycophenolate mofetil, cyclosporine A, rituximab or cyclophosphamide was used within 2 years prior to the enrollment

Exclusion Criteria

steroids-resistant nephrotic syndrome
Family history of nephrotic syndrome, chronic glomerulonephritis or uremia
Leukopenia (White Blood Cells 3.0 10^9 / L)
Moderate to severe anemia (hemoglobin <9.0 g/dL)
Thrombocytopenia (platelet count <10010^12/L)
Positive Hepatitis B virus serological indicators (Hepatitis B surface antigen or / and Hepatitis B virus e antigen or / and Hepatitis B core antibody), Hepatitis C virus-positive or patients with abnormal liver function (2 or more times of alamine aminotransferase or total bilirubin was exceeded the normal value, and continued to rise for 2 weeks)
There are chronic active infections such as Epstein-Barrvirus, cytomegalovirus or Mycobacterium tuberculosis, and the usage of steroids and immunosuppressive agents may aggravate the state of an illness
Secondary nephrotic syndrome (such as purpuric nephritis, lupus nephritis, etc.)
Those who with hematological or endocrine system diseases as well as serious organs illness such as heart, liver or kidney
Those who with other autoimmune diseases or primary immunodeficiencies or tumors
Those who was known to be sensitized to tacrolimus, mycophenolate mofetil, glucocorticoids, or any of the above drugs
Those who have participated in other clinical trials within three months prior to the enrollment
Those who was not suitable for participating this study judged by investigator
Clear my responses

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a study center
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

You are contacting

Investigator Avatar

Primary Contact



Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

Learn more

Similar trials to consider


Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 



Reply by • Private

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note