Efficacy and Tolerance of an Ovarian Stimulation Protocol Combining Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) and Degarelix Acetate in Female Candidates for Fertility Preservation Before Chemotherapy for Breast Cancer

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Apr 6, 2022
  • participants needed
    17
  • sponsor
    Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
Updated on 6 September 2021
cancer
estrogen
breast cancer
follicle stimulating hormone
mastectomy
adjuvant chemotherapy
ductal carcinoma

Summary

The present investigation aims to evaluate the efficacy of an innovative protocol of controlled ovarian stimulation for breast cancer patients, who are candidates for fertility preservation.

Currently, vitrification of oocytes and/or embryos after controlled ovarian stimulation is the most established method for female fertility preservation. However, this stimulation induces an increase in serum estrogen levels, which is theoretically problematic in case of hormone-sensitive tumors such as breast cancer. The majority of oncology teams accept, in very specific situations (particularly when the tumor has been surgically removed), this ovarian stimulation, because the expected benefits of fertility preservation far outweigh the risks. However, everyone agrees that it would be more comfortable to be able to offer vitrification of oocytes and/or embryos using ovarian stimulation without increasing estrogen levels.

In this research, investigators will evaluate the efficacy of degarelix (Firmagon), currently indicated for the treatment of prostate cancer, as an innovative ovarian stimulation procedure. Administered at the beginning of ovarian stimulation, they believe it should maintain serum estradiol levels at physiological values at the end of stimulation.

Description

Recent improvements in freezing techniques have led to the development of fertility preservation techniques for young women diagnosed with cancer. Currently, vitrification of oocytes or embryos after controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) represents the only established method. This COS is based on the daily administration of exogenous Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) and an ovulation blockage using Gonadotropin Releasing Hormone (GnRH) antagonists (0.25 mg/d) initiated after approximately 6 days of stimulation and continued until ovulation is triggered.

In addition to requiring 15 days, COS induces supraphysiological hyperestradiolaemia (5-10 times normal) which can be problematic in case of hormone-sensitive tumors such as breast cancer. The majority of oncology teams accept, in very specific situations (particularly when the tumor has been surgically removed), this ovarian stimulation, because the expected benefits of fertility preservation far outweigh the risks. However, everyone agrees that it would be more comfortable to be able to offer vitrification of oocytes and/or embryos using ovarian stimulation without increasing estrogen levels.

Therefore, the limitation of serum estradiol concentrations during stimulation represents an important issue. To this end, stimulation protocols combining aromatase inhibitors have been proposed. Inhibition of the P450 aromatase enzyme in the granulosa cells of stimulated follicles prevents the conversion of androgens to estrogens. However, the teratogenic risk of these molecules, although discussed, limits their use in the indication of COS. Recently, a new "natos" protocol was proposed to stimulate the ovaries while maintaining physiological estradiolaemia, without using aromatase inhibitors. Thus, the administration of high doses of Gonadotropin Releasing Hormone (GnRH) antagonists (3 to 6 injections of 0.25 mg/day) from the beginning of COS, would allow a strong Luteinizing Hormone (LH) deprivation, thus limiting the production of androgens according to the 2 cells - 2 gonadotropins theory. In the absence of a precursor, estradiolemia remains at physiological ranges during the total duration of COS. However, the relative heaviness of a protocol combining up to 8 daily injections limits its use in young women who are candidates for fertility preservation.

Investigators therefore propose to evaluate the efficacy and tolerance of a new natos-like COS protocol based on the administration of a long-acting GnRH antagonist, degarelix. This drug is currently off-label for women.

The expected duration of the research is 14 months and participation will be 2 months.

After signature of the consent, during the first visit (oncofertility counseling), the the research (consultations and examinations) will be carried out within the Antoine Bclre hospital. All visits and examinations performed are part of routine care, except for the injection(s) of degarelix which belongs to the research.

Inclusion visit During the oncofertility consultation, the physician will make sure that the patient can be included in the research. Once the consent has been signed, the doctor will schedule the following visits based on the biological results obtained as part of the usual care.

Research follow-up visits

Stimulation: between the day of oncofertility counseling and the following 7 days, the doctor will check that patients are in the early follicular phase of the cycle, Degarelix injection: 1 injection, under the skin (possibly renewable after 5-7 days if the serum LH is 2 IU / L and / or the estradiol is 400 pg / mL), Concomitant initiation of ovarian stimulation by administration of recombinant FSH - Follitropin alfa (usual care). The injections will be given by the patient or a nurse at home, between 7pm and 10pm.

Stimulation follow-up visit #1 :

After 5 days of ovarian stimulation, transvaginal pelvic ultrasound (counting of ovarian follicles and measurement of their diameters) and blood sampling for serum hormone assays (estradiol, LH, progesterone) will be performed as part of the usual care.

Stimulation follow-up visits #2 and #3 Visits #2 and #3: transvaginal pelvic ultrasound (counting of ovarian follicles and measurement of their diameters) and a blood test for serum hormone assays (estradiol, LH, progesterone) will be required to monitor the response to stimulation, as part of routine care.

Visits are repeated until 4 follicles 16 to 20 mm in diameter are obtained, which is the criterion for ovulation trigger using 1 injection of Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (hCG) (Ovitrelle 250 mcg, SC) (usual care). Thus visits #2 and #3 are systematic. One or two additional visits with the same examinations may sometimes be necessary if the trigger criteria are not met.

Thirty-six hours after Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (hCG) , oocyte retrieval will be performed.

Visit on the day of the oocyte retrieval:

Patients will have a venous blood sample for serum hormone assays (estradiol, LH, progesterone) as part of the usual care.

Oocyte collection will be scheduled, and those which are mature will then be frozen (by vitrification) or fertilized in vitro in case of embryo freezing.

Visit following egg retrieval:

A blood test for serum hormone assays (estradiol, LH, progesterone) will be performed 3-4 days after oocyte retrieval.

End of research visit Participants will be contacted by phone 2 months after the injection of degarelix (Firmagon) to make sure they are fine.

Details
Condition Invasive Ductal Breast Carcinoma
Treatment Degarelix injection(s)
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03947151
SponsorAssistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
Last Modified on6 September 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Patients with invasive ductal carcinoma breast cancer, whatever the hormonal receptor expression profile
Age : 18 - 40 years
Presence of 2 ovaries
Antral follicular count between 12 and 30 on both ovaries and/or recent measurement of serum anti-Mllerian hormone between 1.5 and 4 ng / mL (between Day-25 and Day0)
Indication of chemotherapy
Indication of preservation of fertility according to an oocyte vitrification technique after controlled ovarian stimulation (COS)
Patient in the early follicular phase of the cycle at the start of the controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) (absence of follicle> 10 mm in ultrasound and estradiolemia <50 pg / mL)
Oncology team agreement for the controlled ovarian stimulation (COS)
Social insured patient
Patient who gave her consent to participate by signing the consent of the study

Exclusion Criteria

Patient in late follicular phase or luteal phase
Known hypersensitivity to one of the constituents of Firmagon
Clear my responses

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a site
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

You are contacting

Investigator Avatar
Name

Primary Contact

site
Name

0/250
Preferred Language
Other Language
Please verify that you are not a bot.

Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

Learn more

Similar trials to consider

Loading...

Browse trials for

Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 

 • 

Private

Reply by • Private
Loading...

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.
Loading...

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note