Biobank - Investigating the Gut Microbiota, Genetics, Epigenetics and Metabolites

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Jul 24, 2034
  • participants needed
    6000
  • sponsor
    Chinese University of Hong Kong
Updated on 4 March 2022
microbiota
ulcerative colitis
crohn's disease
enteropathy
colitis
ulceration
Accepts healthy volunteers

Summary

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) affects 1 in 500 to 1,000 people in the West. Previously a disease predominantly of the West, there is now a marked increase in the incidence of ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD) in Asia, with an estimated prevalence of 1 in 3,000 and 1 in 10,000 respectively[1]. The rapid increase of IBD in Asian raising concern of investigators. Therefore setting up a large scale biobank with comprehensive clinical data is require.

Description

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) affects 1 in 500 to 1,000 people in the West. Previously a disease predominantly of the West, there is now a marked increase in the incidence of ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD) in Asia, with an estimated prevalence of 1 in 3,000 and 1 in 10,000 respectively [1]. IBD is thought to result from an aberrant immune response to intestinal bacteria in genetically susceptible individuals [2]. Genetic variants have been shown to contribute to an increased IBD risk. Although genetic traits predispose to the development of IBD in Asia, the change in epidemiology that has occurred over only a few decades suggests that other, presumably environmental factors play the major role in the development of disease [10].

IBD patients often rely on medical therapy to achieve remission. Due to the diverse features of severity, phenotypes, clinical courses and responses, personalizing IBD therapy is important to maximize management efficacy, minimize adverse events and decrease cost. Thiopurines is a key component of medications in the treatment of Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD). However, achieving an optimal efficacious thiopurine dosing can be difficult, as up to 10% of patients have dose-dependent toxicities and up to 9% of patients are resistant to thiopurine therapy [16, 17]. Such clinical toxicity could be due to inherited genetic variation of certain enzyme, leading to an unusual metabolic pathway, which generates toxic metabolites. On the other hand, few studies have studied the longitudinal changes in the gut microbiome with drug treatment in IBD. Shaw et al. characterized 19 children with CD and 4 with ulcerative colitis (UC), showing that dysbiosis at baseline correlated with the degree of inflammatory burden of luminal disease.Therefore, identification of comprehensive targets for drug monitoring will improve our understanding of the basis for inter-patient variability in drug toxicity and efficacy, and enable more individualized therapy.

Metabolism has an essential role in biological systems; and metabolites represent the end products of this important process from a cell of a certain physiological status. Blood and urine are integrative fluids that incorporates the metabolic outputs at different of the body, and thus providing a metabolic footprint as an end product [4].

Metagenomics which is a study of microbes as communities is also an important approach to study microbiota in human.The interplay between microbiota and genetics gives unique transcription profiles in the gut, and gene expression analyses provide insights into the transcriptional activity and functional molecular pathways underlying disease progression. Therefore, deep sequencing analysis of the colon suggests hypotheses about the pathophysiological processes in IBD patients. Further transcriptomics study and in combination with other meta'omics studies will provide the basis for in-depth understanding of IBD pathogenesis.

Due to the bio-clinical complexity of diseases and microbiota, a long term, large-scale prospective biobank is necessary to carry out meaningful research. This biobank will provide a powerful platform for studying a range of complex factors associated with IBD that are of great relevance to public health. Such biobank may be extended to other diseases including GI diseases and autoimmune disorder, which may possibly provide insight to the role of microbiota in human health.

In conclusion, a comprehensive understanding of the intestinal ecosystem, epigenetic, metabolic and transcription profiles, as well as their mechanisms in the disease pathogenesis in patients with IBD and other diseases may help us identify potential biomarkers. However, our current knowledge about them is still very limited, particularly in Asian patients, who have not been extensively researched. Further investigation in this field is needed. To serve these purposes, we aim to setup a large scale biobank with comprehensive clinical data.

Details
Condition Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03855657
SponsorChinese University of Hong Kong
Last Modified on4 March 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Patient 18 with a diagnosis of Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis
Informed Consent obtained

Exclusion Criteria

Known current infection with an enteric pathogen
Previously been diagnosed with IBD (Control)
Have a first of second degree relative with IBD (Control)
Clear my responses

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