18FDG PET for Early Identification of Tumor Exhaust for Immunotherapy in Patients With Locally Advanced or Metastatic Non-Small Cell Bronchopulmonary Carcinoma or Melanoma (FDG-IMMUN)

  • End date
    Apr 20, 2024
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Centre Antoine Lacassagne
Updated on 7 October 2022


The hypothesis of this diagnostic performance study is that, for patients treated for immunotherapy-treated melanoma or NSCLC, some metabolic parameters of the 18FDG dual-point PET scan distinguish inflammatory pseudo-progression from tumor progression true and thus improve the evaluation of tumor response to immunotherapy


The originality of this study is based on the stakes of the early prediction of resistance to immunotherapy (early therapeutic escapes, side effects, cost of treatment etc.).

No prospective study has been published to date on the value of 18FDG PET to distinguish between true tumor progression and pseudo-progression. Studies are therefore needed to define new criteria for evaluating the metabolic response specific to immunotherapy, as well as the optimal timing of the interim examination.

The goal is to conduct a transversal, non-randomized, prospective, multi-center, diagnostic performance study, harmonizing the moments of the 18FDG PET scans, acquisition conditions and interpretation criteria. The use of a dual-point acquisition in PET will also make it possible to judge the kinetics of 18FDG lesion capture (calculation of the 18FDG retention index on the late image) with the objective of highlighting PET criteria to distinguish between inflammatory pseudo-progression and true tumor progression in patients with unresectable melanoma or advanced or metastatic NSCLC. Other metabolic parameters will be studied, such as changes in tumor metabolic volume and binding intensities.

Finally, this study will include patients to assess the correlation between the metabolic tumor response observed after 7 weeks of immunotherapy, the morphological response after 3 months of treatment (RECIST v1.1 and i-RECIST) and survival overall at 1 year.

Condition Non-Small Cell Bronchopulmonary Carcinoma or Melanoma
Treatment 18FDG PET
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03584334
SponsorCentre Antoine Lacassagne
Last Modified on7 October 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Age > or = 18 years
Patients with unresectable melanoma or histologically proven, metastatic or locally advanced NSCLC
Indication of an immunotherapy treatment with nivolumab or pembrolizumab validated in multidisciplinary consultation team and prescribed as part of their marketing authorization, in first or second line of treatment
Performance Status 0 to 2
Female subjects of childbearing potential should have a negative urine or serum pregnancy within 72 hours prior to receiving the first dose of study medication. If the urine test is positive or cannot be confirmed as negative, a serum pregnancy test will be required
Female subjects of childbearing potential should be willing to use 2 methods of birth control or be surgically sterile, or abstain from heterosexual activity for the course of the study through 6 months after the last dose of study medication. Subjects of childbearing potential are those who have not been surgically sterilized or have not been free from menses for > 1 year
Male subjects should agree to use an adequate method of contraception or abstain from heterosexual activity starting with the first dose of study therapy through 6 months after the last dose of study therapy
Patient willing and able to provide written informed consent/assent for the trial
Patient affiliated with a health insurance system

Exclusion Criteria

Age < 18 years
Contraindication to performing 18FDG PET scans: severe claustrophobia, unbalanced diabetes during PET examinations (fasting capillary blood glucose ≥ 11 mmol)
Any participation in other biomedical studies related to the drug, medical devices or imaging techniques is prohibited except biomedical studies called overstudies (In case of doubt or questions about the patient's participation in a other clinical study, please contact the sponsor)
Contraindication to nivolumab or pembrolizumab treatment
Patient with metastatic disease
History of thoracic irradiation or near / in the thoracic irradiation field
Patient who refuses to participate in the study or unable to agree
Patient currently receiving one or more treatments described in section 6.9 of the protocol
Contraindication to nivolumab or pembrolizumab treatment
People particularly vulnerable as defined in Articles L.1121-5 to -8 of the French Healthcare Code, including: person deprived of freedom by an administrative or judicial decision, adult being the object of a legal protection measure or outside a state to express their consent, pregnant or breastfeeding women
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