Alendronate in an Weekly Effervescent Tablet Formulation Following Denosumab Discontinuation

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Apr 1, 2023
  • participants needed
    100
  • sponsor
    251 Hellenic Air Force & VA General Hospital
Updated on 22 July 2021
denosumab
bisphosphonate
bone mineral density
risedronate
alendronate
bisphosphonate therapy
binosto 70mg effervescent tablet

Summary

Discontinuation of denosumab results in a rebound response of bone turnover markers, which rise above baseline at 3 months and remain elevated until reaching again baseline levels approximately 30 months after the last dose. Bone mineral density (BMD) gains are also lost and BMD values reach original baseline values after 1-2 years off-treatment.For the above reasons, current literature recommends that patients who discontinue denosumab should continue to receive either intravenous (iv) or oral (peros) bisphosphonate therapy for some time. The study aims to investigate changes in the BMD of the lumbar spine 12 months after transitioning from denosumab to oral alendronate 70 mg in a weekly effervescent tablet formulation

Description

Denosumab, a monoclonal antibody against the receptor activator of nuclear factor - ligand (RANKL), is a potent antiresorptive agent commonly prescribed in patients with postmenopausal osteoporosis. Discontinuation of denosumab results in a rebound response of bone turnover markers, which rise above baseline at 3 months and remain elevated until reaching again baseline levels approximately 30 months after the last dose. Bone mineral density (BMD) gains are also lost and BMD values reach original baseline values after 1-2 years off-treatment, in contrast to bisphosphonates, which remain within the skeleton acting for several months or even years after discontinuation while preserving most of the BMD gains achieved despite the cessation of treatment.

For the above reasons, current literature recommends that patients who discontinue denosumab should continue to receive either intravenous (iv) or oral (peros) bisphosphonate therapy for some time. Due to lack of specifically designed studies, the period of treatment with bisphosphonates after denosumab discontinuation has been arbitrarily proposed to be 1 to 2 years. Preservation of BMD gains after denosumab discontinuation has so far been demonstrated: (a) with one year of alendronate treatment, in a study designed to investigate patients' compliance to treatment, and b) with a single dose of zolendronate 5mg iv in a recent study specifically designed to address this question in which BMD levels remained stable for the next two years.

Preventing bone loss, and the reported high risk of multiple vertebral fractures after discontinuation of denosumab treatment, is a clinical issue of critical importance raising serious concerns to the international scientific community and needs to be addressed. Clinical studies specifically designed to investigate both the efficacy of various bisphosphonates and the optimal duration of their administration in order to avoid the reported adverse effects of denosumab discontinuation are currently lacking.

This study aims to investigate changes in the BMD of the lumbar spine (LS) and femoral neck (FN) 12 months after transitioning from denosumab to oral alendronate 70 mg in a weekly effervescent tablet formulation. Alendronate will be given either for 6 or 12 months following Denosumab discontinuation

Details
Condition Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal osteoporosis, Post-Menopausal Osteoporosis, Post-Menopausal Osteopenia
Treatment Binosto 70Mg Effervescent Tablet
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04338529
Sponsor251 Hellenic Air Force & VA General Hospital
Last Modified on22 July 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

i) osteopenic postmenopausal Caucasian women following Dmab treatment ii)
assignment to treatment with alendronate in an effervescent tablet formulation
following Dmab discontinuation

Exclusion Criteria

i) secondary osteoporosis; ii) diseases that could affect bone metabolism iii)
medications that could affect bone metabolism iv) chronic kidney disease
(stage >3b) and/or liver failure v) neoplastic disease vi) hypersensitivity to
alendronate or to any of the excipients vii) abnormalities of the esophagus
and other factors which delay esophageal emptying such as stricture or
achalasia viii) inability to stand or sit upright for at least 30 minutes ix)
hypocalcaemia x) confirmed esophagitis
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