Blinatumomab and Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Therapy in People With Philadelphia Chromosome-Positive Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Mar 14, 2023
  • participants needed
    17
  • sponsor
    Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
Updated on 14 July 2022
corticosteroids
lymphoid leukemia
tyrosine
philadelphia chromosome
hydroxyurea
methotrexate
flow cytometry
dasatinib
blinatumomab
dexamethasone
kinase inhibitor
conjugated bilirubin

Summary

: The purpose of this study is to test whether blinatumomab in combination with TKI therapy (such as dasatinib) is an effective treatment for people with Ph+ ALL. Researchers want to improve the response to standard-of-care treatment of corticosteroids + TKI therapy by adding the study drug, blinatumomab.

Description

PRE-PHASE: Patients may receive corticosteroids and/or hydroxyurea at the discretion of the treating physician prior to beginning induction therapy. A seven-day corticosteroid pre-phase, which can include days of corticosteroid receipt prior to protocol registration, will precede initiation of TKI therapy on day 1. Corticosteroid dose and schedule are at the discretion of the investigator during the pre-phase, with dosing caps of prednisone 120 mg/day, dexamethasone 24 mg/day, or biologic equivalents thereof. In the event the treating investigator feels delaying induction therapy (TKI + dexamethasone) would be unsafe (e.g. ALL progressing despite corticosteroids), the patient may proceed to day 1 (begin TKI + dexamethasone) before completion of 7-day pre-phase if investigator feels delay would be unsafe.

INDUCTION THERAPY: Induction therapy consists of dexamethasone in combination with TKI. TKI therapy will generally begin with dasatinib 140 mg daily (dose changes or transition to alternative TKI permitted subject to the provisions in the protocol). Patients will receive dexamethasone 10 mg/m2/day (up to 24 mg /day) in single or divided doses, days 1-24. Dexamethasone will be tapered days 25-32 (±3 days for start and end of taper); the TKI will be continued during and following the dexamethasone taper. Recommended CNS prophylaxis consists of intrathecal (IT) or intra-Ommaya (IO) methotrexate 12 mg day 22 and day 43 (±7 days); of note, methotrexate 12 mg is recommended though agent/dosing left to discretion of investigator. Hydrocortisone IT may be given along with methotrexate at the discretion of the investigator. Bone marrow evaluations will be performed on days 22 (±3 days) and day 43 (±3 days) and will include minimal residual disease (MRD) assessment by BCR-ABL1 transcript studies and flow cytometry. Under certain circumstances, the induction period may be extended for up to 21 days with bone marrow studies repeated at that time.

CONSOLIDATION THERAPY: Patients in complete response (CR) or CR with incomplete hematologic recovery (CRi) following remission induction, with or without MRD, proceed to consolidation therapy, defined as day 1 of cycle 1 of blinatumomab, within 21 days of day 43 or the date of BMA establishing CR/CRi, whichever is later. TKI will be administered continuously. Patients will begin Blinatumomab 28 mcg/daily IVCI for patients ≥45 kg; patients <45 kg will be treated at a dose of 15 mcg/m2/day, capped at a dose of 28 mcg/day, given for a 28-day cycle, with dose adjustments further subject to the provisions outlined in the protocol. Inpatient admission is recommended for at least days 1-3 of cycle 1 of blinatumomab (≥72 hours from start of infusion). Following each 28-day infusion of blinatumomab, a mandatory period of 14 days off blinatumomab will follow during which bone marrow evaluation will be performed with MRD assessment and CNS prophylaxis will be administered. The consolidation period will consist of 3 cycles of blinatumomab given as such. Patients may come off therapy at any point to undergo allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (alloHCT).

MAINTENANCE THERAPY: Patients in complete molecular response (as defined within the protocol) following blinatumomab cycle 3 and not proceeding immediately to alloHCT may proceed to maintenance therapy, defined as day 1 of cycle 4 of blinatumomab, within 28 days of completion of blinatumomab infusion in cycle 3. TKI will be administered continuously. Blinatumomab will be given for up to 4 additional 28-day cycles (cycles 4-7) with a mandatory period of 28 days (±7 days) off blinatumomab between cycles, during which CNS prophylaxis will be administered. Bone marrow evaluation with MRD assessment will be performed after cycles 5 and 7 of blinatumomab.

FOLLOW-UP: TKI maintenance is recommended but not required. Further post-remission therapy, if any, at the discretion of the treating physician. Following completion of all required study treatments and assessments, patients enrolled will be followed for long-term survival and relapse outcomes as outlined in the protocol.

Details
Condition Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia, Philadelphia Chromosome-Positive
Treatment methotrexate, Corticosteroids, Dexamethasone, dasatinib, Blinatumomab, Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy (BMA)
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04329325
SponsorMemorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
Last Modified on14 July 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Able to give informed consent
Age ≥ 18 years of age
Direct bilirubin ≤2x upper limit of normal (ULN), AST and ALT ≤10x upper limit of normal (ULN). Higher bilirubin and AST/ALT levels are acceptable if thought related to Ph+ ALL
Histology confirmed by enrolling institution Confirmed diagnosis of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) by morphology, immunohistochemistry, and/or multiparameter flow cytometry, with confirmation of Philadelphia chromosome positivity (Ph+) by cytogenetic studies (karyotype/FISH), molecular studies (BCRABL1 fusion transcripts), or targeted RNA sequencing
No prior therapy for ALL beyond corticosteroids, hydroxyurea, or prophylactic intrathecal/intra-Ommaya chemotherapy Acceptable end-organ function (i.e. not meeting exclusion criteria below)
Amenable to practicing an effective method of birth control during treatment and for at least 3 months following treatment on study
ECOG performance status 0-2

Exclusion Criteria

Philadelphia chromosome-negative ALL
Mature B-cell ALL (e.g. Burkitt leukemia/lymphoma)
Active extramedullary disease at time of study entry, including known CNS-3 disease (≥5 WBC/microliter and positive cytology or flow cytometry). Note: LP and/or CNS imaging prior to treatment initiation is not required, but if the patient is found to have active CNS-3 disease (by LP) or evidence of CNS involvement on imaging in the course of evaluation of clinical findings, enrollment is not permissible
Presence of known ABL kinase mutations conferring resistance to dasatinib at time of study entry, including T315I mutation. Note: ABL mutation testing prior to treatment initiation is neither recommended nor required, but if results of such mutation testing are known, enrollment of a patient with known ABL kinase mutations conferring dasatinib resistance is not permissible
Unable to tolerate oral medication
Creatinine >1.5x upper limit of normal and estimated GFR <30 mL/min (based on 24-hour urine collection to determine creatine clearance or CKD-EPI equation)
Heart disease meeting one or more of the following criteria
New York Heart Association (NYHA) stage III or IV congestive heart failure
Myocardial infarction <6 months prior to enrollment
History of clinically significant ventricular arrhythmia
History of cardiomyopathy with left ventricular ejection fraction ≤20%
Pre-treatment Fredericia-adjusted QTc (QTcF) of >500 msec, unless the patient is thought to be an acceptable candidate for dasatinib after consultation with a cardiologist (including, but not limited to situations in which QTcF is thought not representative of true length of repolarization due to pre-existing bundle branch block or ventricular pacing)
Patients with active hepatitis B infection (as manifest by either detectable hepatitis
Patients with active hepatitis C infection (as manifest by detectable hepatitis C virus RNA by PCR) are ineligible. Patients with detectable antibodies to hepatitis C virus will be screened by PCR for evidence of active infection
B virus DNA by PCR and/or positivity for hepatitis B surface antigen) are
ineligible
Ongoing need for systemic T-cell suppressive therapy (e.g. corticosteroids, tacrolimus, cyclosporine for active autoimmune disease or prior solid organ transplantation)
Concurrent active malignancies as defined by malignancies requiring any therapy other than expectant observation or hormonal therapy, with the exception of squamous and basal cell carcinoma of skin
Patients with HIV infection are ineligible, unless on antiretroviral therapy with undetectable HIV RNA by PCR (using an assay with sensitivity to detect levels of ≥50 copies/mL) and otherwise eligible in the determination of the investigator
Uncontrolled systemic fungal, bacterial, viral or other infection
History or presence of uncontrolled or clinically significant neurological disorders such as generalized seizure disorder or severe brain injury
Any other issue which, in the opinion of the treating physician, would make the patient ineligible for the study
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