Effects of Treatment With Biological Agents on Vascular and Cardiac Function in Psoriasis

  • End date
    Dec 31, 2022
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    University of Athens
Updated on 18 April 2022
Accepts healthy volunteers


Psoriasis has been associated with an increasing risk for atherosclerosis. The investigators investigated whether surrogate markers of subclinical atherosclerosis, vascular dysfunction and myocardial dysfunction are impaired in patients with psoriasis compared to normal controls ,coronary artery disease patients and untreated hypertension subjects. The investigators also examined the effect of treatment with biological vs no biological agents on vascular and LV function in psoriasis.


The investigators will compare patients with psoriasis with age and sex matched normal controls as well as patients with angiographically documented CAD and patients with untreated hypertension (HYP) used as positive control groups

Patients with psoriasis (PS) will be randomized to receive an anti-tumor necrosis-a (TNF-a) ,an anti- interleukin 12/23 regimen, an interleukin 17A antagonist, apremilast (inhibitor of phosphodiesterase-4) or a cyclosporine regimen.

The anti-TNF-agent, Etanercept will be given at a dose 50mg twice weekly for 12 weeks and after then once weekly.

The anti-IL12/23 regimen, Ustekinumab will be given at a dose 45 mg at the first visit, at 4 weeks and every 12 weeks if body weight is up to 90 kgr. For body weight >90kgr dose will be adjusted accordingly.

The IL-17A antagonist regimen namely secukinumab 300 mg SC at weeks 0, 1, 2, 3, and 4 and 300 mg SC once monthly afterwards Apremilast will be given at a dose of 30mg orally twice daily Cyclosporine will be administered at a dose 2.5-3mg/kgr daily.

At baseline , after 12 weeks and one year of treatment, the investigators will measure:

  1. pulse wave velocity (PWVc) augmentation index (AI) central systolic blood pressure (cSBP) (Complior, Alam Medical and Arteriograph,TensioMed)
  2. flow-mediated dilation of the brachial artery (FMD)
  3. carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) by ultrasonography
  4. coronary flow reserve of the LAD (CFR) by Doppler echocardiography
  5. E'/A of mitral annular velocities ,LV longitudinal (GLS -%),strain, and strain rate (LongSr-l/s), peak twisting (Tw -deg),peak twisting (Tw-deg/sec)velocity,untwisting at mitral valve opening (unTw) and untwisting (unTw) velocity using speckle tracking echocardiography .
  6. Perfused boundary region (PBR)of the sublingual arterial microvessels (ranged from 5-25 microns) using Sideview Darkfield imaging. (Microscan, Glycocheck) .The PBR in microvessels is the cell-poor layer which results from the phase separation between the flowing red blood cells (RBC) and plasma.The PBR includes the most luminal part of glycocalyx that does allow cell penetration. Increased PBR is considered an accurate index of reduced endothelial glycocalyx thickness because of a deeper RBC penetration in the glycocalyx.
  7. Fetuin serum levels, markers of oxidative stress such as malondialdehyde (MDA) serum levels, protein carbonyls aw well as thrombosis and inflammation biomarkers

Condition Psoriasis
Treatment cyclosporine, Etanercept, Apremilast, Secukinumab, ustekinumab
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT02144857
SponsorUniversity of Athens
Last Modified on18 April 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

patients with psoriasis
Age and sex matched patients with CAD, with untreated hypertension and healthy subjects

Exclusion Criteria

for psoriasis patients were presence of wall motion abnormalities and ejection fraction ≤ 50%, psoriatic arthritis, history of acute coronary syndrome, familial hyperlipidemia, insulin dependent-diabetes mellitus, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or asthma, moderate or severe valvular heart disease, primary cardiomyopathies and malignant tumors. CAD was excluded in psoriasis patients by absence of clinical history, angina and reversible myocardial ischemia, as assessed by dobutamine stress echocardiography or thallium scintigraphy
regarding the group of CAD patients, we only included patients without history of ST elevation myocardial infarction in order to exclude the presence of transmural scar compromising myocardial function indices. Thus, CAD patients with wall motion abnormalities and ejection fraction of ≤ 50% were excluded. In addition, exclusion criteria, were history of acute coronary syndrome without ST-segment elevation within the last year, familial hyperlipidemia, insulin dependent-diabetes mellitus, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or asthma, moderate or severe valvular heart disease, primary cardiomyopathies and malignant tumor
in normal controls, CAD was excluded by the presence of normal ECG, absence of clinical history and absence of reversible ischemia by means of treadmill test or dobutamine stress echocardiography
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