Effects of Mitochondrial-targeted Antioxidant on Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) Patients

  • STATUS
    Not Recruiting
  • End date
    Oct 1, 2024
  • participants needed
    12
  • sponsor
    University of Nebraska
Updated on 20 July 2022
diabetes
cognitive impairment
antioxidants
dementia
alzheimer's disease
mild cognitive impairment
neurodegenerative disorders

Summary

Neurodegenerative diseases such as Mild Cognitive Impairment, Alzheimer's, and dementia affect millions of Americans. Although these diseases are heavily researched, there is very little research examining the impact of attenuated carotid artery endothelial function and cerebrovascular blood flow on cognitive function. This is surprising, as cerebrovascular oxygenation has been shown to be strongly associated with reduced cognitive function and the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases. For example, hypertension, diabetes, and high cholesterol have been shown to increase the risk of Alzheimers related dementia. Therefore, the purpose of this proposed study will be to examine the effects of MitoQ supplementation on carotid artery vasodilatory function and cerebrovascular blood flow in those suffering from Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI). MitoQ is a mitochondria-targeting antioxidant that can improve nitric oxide production in the blood vessel, which should improve endothelial function, and thus cerebrovascular blood flow.

Description

Metabolic disease parameters, such as hyperlipidemia and hypertension have been observed in Alzheimer's disease and dementia. The causes of neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimers are not completely understood. However, increasing amounts of evidence are pointing to vascular dysfunction as a cause of this disease. Known as the vascular hypothesis, pathology is suggested to begin with cerebral hypoperfusion through attenuated blood flow via clogged carotid arteries. Hypoperfusion of cerebral cells means that they do not receive enough oxygen to function optimally. This lack of oxygen is believed to lead to cognitive impairment. It is hypothesized that these metabolic conditions can damage the endothelial wall, leading to impaired vasodilation and blood flow. This damage occurs in the carotid arteries, which would limit blood flow to the brain. This impaired blood flow also results from higher levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which reduce the bioavailability of nitric oxide (NO), an important vasodilator. Antioxidants, such as MitoQ, reduce these ROS and thus increase the NO availability, which improves endothelial function. This study will measure the use of the antioxidant MitoQ to reduce this endothelial dysfunction, thereby improving blood flow in the carotid arteries. Blood vessel health can be measured by how much bigger or smaller a vessel can become, because the ability of the vessel to change size is very important to make sure that blood is delivered to the tissues of the body. This study is being done to help us understand if endothelial dysfunction in Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) patients leads to the pathogenesis of the disease.

We will examine how endothelial function and cerebrovascular blood flow changes after consumption of MitoQ. We hope to achieve this through measures of carotid artery blood flow and brachial artery blood flow, using a doppler ultrasound for both, while using flow mediated dilation when measuring the brachial artery. The flow-mediated dilation test is a validated and safe assessment of endothelial function and vascular health. The premise behind the assessment is that endothelium produces autocoids, like nitric oxide, that dilate in response to shear stress. Flow-mediated dilation has been shown to be an effective tool to assess endothelial function in the peripheral and coronary vasculature. This assessment of endothelial health can be used in healthy individuals to detect risk for cardiovascular disease. We will also utilize near infrared spectroscopy to measure tissue oxygenation in the brain, which is also a measure of improved blood flow, and will measure brain neural activity with an EEG. Finally, we will collect blood samples to measure the change in ROS levels before and after MitoQ consumption

Details
Condition Alzheimer Disease, Early Onset, Mild Cognitive Impairment
Treatment Placebo, MitoQ
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03514875
SponsorUniversity of Nebraska
Last Modified on20 July 2022

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