Focused Ultrasound to Promote Immune Responses for Undifferentiated Pleomorphic Sarcoma (HIFU-UPS)

  • End date
    Jun 30, 2024
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Matthew Bucknor
Updated on 7 October 2022


This study is a single site, single-arm, feasibility study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of MRgFUS using the ExAblate 2100 System for the partial ablation of undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcomas.


A total of 20 adult participants will be treated with MRgFUS through this study. A matched comparison group of archived samples from patients with UPS who have not received focused ultrasound will be used as a control group to further evaluate the secondary endpoints (stratified and matched for age, sex, and history of neoadjuvant chemotherapy). All patients enrolled will receive timely standard of care surgical resection, as clinically indicated. For patients enrolled with metastatic disease pre- and post-MRgFUS biopsy samples will be obtained


I. To evaluate the overall rate and severity of adverse events following MRgFUS of newly diagnosed or metastatic undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma.


I. To measure possible immune response effects related to MRgFUS by serial serological analysis with flow cytometry panels (T-cell, natural killer cell, myeloid panels).

II. To measure possible immune response effects related to MRgFUS by multiplex immunohistochemistry assays of resected tumor specimens (CD3, CD4, CD8, CD19, CD68, FOXP3, PD-1, PD-L1, CD45) as well as RNA sequencing.

III. To compare possible immune response effects in patients receiving MRgFUS prior to either surgical resection or follow-up biopsy of undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma to either 1) a comparison group of archived samples from patients who have had resection of UPS but did not have pre-operative focused ultrasound (for patients with newly diagnosed local disease or 2) individual pre-MRgFUS biopsy analyses.

Condition Undifferentiated Pleomorphic Sarcoma
Treatment ExAblate 2000/2100 Magnetic Resonance-guided Focused Ultrasound (MRgFUS)
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04123535
SponsorMatthew Bucknor
Last Modified on7 October 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Men and women >= 18 years old
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance-status score of 0-1
Subjects must have either 1) a biopsy-proven new diagnosis of undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma (UPS) (within the last 6 months) or 2) a lesion highly suspicious for metastatic UPS based on CT or MRI imaging (within the last 6 months)
Target tumor >= 2 cm in maximum diameter and <= 20 cm in maximum diameter
Target tumor accessible to the ExAblate device in the soft tissues of the chest, abdomen, pelvis, or upper or lower extremities
Target tumor must be > 1 cm from any critical structure. Critical structures are defined as skin, major nerve/vascular bundles, nerve roots, any solid organ, and any portion of the bowel
Target tumor must be clearly visible by non-contrast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
For patients with newly diagnosed, not previously treated UPS, tumor must be deemed to be surgically resectable by tumor board documentation or surgeon's note
To clarify, patient's being treated with institutional standard neoadjuvant chemotherapy may be included in this study if all other inclusion/exclusion criteria are met
Note: There has never been a prospective study comparing patients receiving chemotherapy to those not receiving chemotherapy in the neoadjuvant setting for soft tissue sarcoma. Our local institutional standard is to treat patients with neoadjuvant chemotherapy prior to surgical resection when tumors are > 5 cm in maximal dimension and within deep muscular compartments. Our institutional standard is to treat patients with doxorubicin plus ifosfamide for younger patients (typically <50 years old) and gemcitabine plus taxotere for older patients (typically >= 50 years old)

Exclusion Criteria

History of interstitial lung disease or other active malignancy (may confound immune response results)
History of previous malignancies (except non-melanoma skin cancers) (may confound immune response results)
Subjects requiring systemic treatment with corticosteroids or other immunosuppressive medications within 14 days of Magnetic Resonance-guided Focused Ultrasound (MRgFUS) treatment date
All toxicities attributed to prior anti-cancer therapy other than alopecia and fatigue must have resolved to grade 1 (NCI CTCAE version 4) or baseline
Subjects must have recovered from the effects of major surgery or significant trauma at least 14 days before the study procedure
Subjects with an acute medical condition expected to hinder them from completing the study, unstable cardiovascular status, and severe cerebrovascular disease
Treatment with any investigational agent within 28 days of the treatment procedure
Unable to safely receive anesthesia/sedation for the treatment, or known intolerance
Any absolute contraindications for study magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) per standard University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) departmental MRI safety guidance (<>) and additionally
or allergy to medications used for sedation/anesthesia
Metal in other parts of body that will cause safety issues
For Group 1 Patients (newly diagnosed disease) only: Have received neoadjuvant radiotherapy or planning to receive neoadjuvant radiotherapy
Weight > 400 pounds (lb) or 181.4 kilograms (kg)
Known intolerance or allergy to magnetic resonance (MR) contrast agent (gadolinium chelates)
Unable to verbally communicate with the investigator and staff
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