A Personalised Radiosurgery Procedure for People With Trigeminal Neuralgia to Improve Pain, Quality of Life and Reduce Complications

  • End date
    Dec 31, 2022
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    University of Leeds
Updated on 2 March 2022
pain relief
facial numbness


The aim of this study is to evaluate prospectively the feasibility and impact of personalised gamma knife radiosurgery treatment protocol versus current standard protocol for people with idiopathic or Multiple Sclerosis-related Trigeminal Neurolgia (MS related TN) on effectiveness in pain relief, the development of morbidity and quality of life.

Patients with TN or MS-related TN are referred to the National Centre for Stereotactic Radiosurgery in Sheffield for clinical consultation, and will undergo gamma knife radiosurgery (GNRS) for treating trigeminal neuralgia if eligible. The GKRS treatment is provided as a standard National Health Service (NHS) routine care. The current procedure has been proven to be safe and effectiveness in reducing the pain caused by TN. The current GKRS treatment protocol performs the treatment on the trigeminal nerve close to the brainstem, which might result in higher complication rate (mainly facial numbness). This study will conduct a pilot randomised controlled trial to evaluate an alternative treatment protocol, which will perform the GKRS treatment at the retrogasserian zone (further away from the brainstem). This treatment protocol has been widely used in Europe and USA, and is safe and effective. Most studies adopting this protocol have shown less complication rate after treatment.


Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is a condition of excruciating facial pain characterized by brief, repeated, electric shock-like pains. Like idiopathic TN, people with multiple sclerosis (MS) related TN (PwMSTN) often suffer from episodic facial pain (often excruciating) that may be related to demyelination of the trigeminal pathways. It is estimated that people with multiple sclerosis (PwMS) are 20 times more likely to present with TN symptoms than non-MS people and a recent review estimated that 4-8% of PwMS have TN. Patients with TN or MS-related TN who no longer respond to treatment often opt for non-invasive gamma knife radiosurgery (GKRS), with variable outcomes. Factors, such as patient characteristics, target treatment location and radiation dosage, could affect the efficacy of pain relief and result in post-surgical morbidity. There is no consensus of the best GKRS target treatment location or the optimal radiation dosage for GKRS treatment among centers, this results in great variability across centers in patient outcomes of pain control and morbidity. This prospective surgical pilot study will recruit PwTN and PwMS-related TN from the National Center for Stereotactic Radiosurgery, Sheffield, to evaluate the impact of a personalized GKRS treatment protocol on safety, efficacy (pain control) and morbidity. The personalized procedure will target the treatment location on trigeminal nerve further away from the brain stem as compared to the current standard treatment location that is closer to the brain stem. The personalized procedure may reduce the radiation dose to the brain stem and then reduce the adverse effects of the treatment. The recruited PwTN and PwMS-related TN will be randomly allocated to either the personalized GKRS treatment protocol group or the standard GKRS treatment protocol group. The efficacy in pain relief and morbidity will be evaluated between the treatment groups at 6 months and 12 months post-surgery.

This study does not have main ethical, legal issues. The GKRS treatment is provided as routine NHS care, and the study will only alter the treatment location for those patients who would normally go through the standardtreatment protocol. Therefor there will be no management issues.

Information collected during this study will be kept confidential. All data collected for this study will be kept safely and securely on secure NHS computer server and paper records at the clinic. All data will be handled strictly according to the University of Leeds privacy notice for research participants

Condition Trigeminal Neuralgia, Multiple Sclerosis, Pain
Treatment Gamma Knife Radiosurgery (GKRS) personalised procedure, GKRS standard care
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04117035
SponsorUniversity of Leeds
Last Modified on2 March 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Subject has idiopathic TN or MS-related TN
Subject is available for follow up
Subject can understand the informed consent form in English. 5. Age over 18 years at the time of signing the Informed Consent Form 6. Have been treatment planned to receive GKRS treatment

Exclusion Criteria

Patients who
Have no capacity to complete written informed consent
Do not understand English
Repeat GKRS treatment
Clear my responses

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a study center
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

You are contacting

Investigator Avatar

Primary Contact



Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

Learn more

Similar trials to consider


Browse trials for

Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 



Reply by • Private

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note