Cardiopulmonary Testing for Potential Pancreas Transplant Candidates

  • End date
    Mar 1, 2023
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust
Updated on 2 March 2022
glomerular filtration rate
vascular disease
exercise test
type 1 diabetes mellitus


Patients being assessed for Kidney Pancreas transplantation often have pre-existing co-morbid disease that contributes to structural cardiac and vascular disease. There is no consensus on optimal pre-listing cardiac assessment to reliably minimize risk of peri-operative cardiac events. Functional status using the cardio-pulmonary exercise test (CPET) has been used in cardiac and abdominal surgery, including abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair and kidney transplantation, but high risk patients with diabetes are often lacking from these studies. This study will investigate the correlation between function, measures using CPET and standard cardiac assessment, and determine the variation in usual measures of anaerobic threshold and VO2 max in this population.


20 participants will be recruited to a blinded observational study. Patients referred for pancreas kidney transplantation assessment will be provided information about the study. They will subsequently be approached at their initial assessment visit and informed consent will be taken.

Participants will have standard clinical assessment which includes:

  1. Clinical history and examination
  2. 12 lead electrocardiogram (ECG)
  3. Chest X-ray (CXR)
  4. Myocardial perfusion imaging (MPS)
  5. If MPS imaging is suggestive of stress induced ischaemia, or severe left ventricular (LV) dysfunction, the participant will undergo coronary angiography as part of standard assessment protocol.

In addition, study participants will undergo CPET testing. This will take place within 1 week of the standard peri-operative cardiac assessment. The results of this investigation will be recorded against a unique identifier on a secure Oxford University Hospital computer. Information about the study or participants' individual results will not normally be disclosed to the participant or clinical team, and so will not influence clinical management. However if, when the results are analysed, the research team note a CPET result that suggests a clear and significant impairment of functional reserve such that the participant should not be listed, this result will be disclosed to the individual and their medical team so that the information can be used in order to make the safest decision about transplant listing. There will be no further clinical visits but participants will consent to collection of their clinical data until 3 months post-transplant, or until they are removed from the waiting list.

At the end of the study, the results of CPET testing will be correlated to measures from standard cardiac investigations and to peri-operative cardiac events.

Condition Cardiovascular Risk Factor, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1, Pancreas Transplant; Complications
Treatment Cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET)
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04312802
SponsorOxford University Hospitals NHS Trust
Last Modified on2 March 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Participant is willing and able to give informed consent
Diagnosed with type 1 diabetes mellitus with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)<20ml/min or on renal replacement therapy referred for simultaneous pancreas-kidney (SPK) transplant

Exclusion Criteria

Participant unable to undergo CPET testing due to limitation on mobility or limb movement
Clear my responses

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a study center
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

You are contacting

Investigator Avatar

Primary Contact



Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

Learn more

Similar trials to consider


Browse trials for

Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 



Reply by • Private

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note