Efficacy of a Preoperative Virtual Reality Intervention as a Paediatric Anxiety Improvement Strategy

  • End date
    Jun 2, 2022
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Servei Central d' Anestesiologia
Updated on 28 October 2021
elective surgery
Accepts healthy volunteers


This study evaluate the effectiveness of the Virtual Reality Educational Program (RVEP) in the Paediatric Surgical Prehabilitation Unit to reduce the perioperative anxiety in children who undergo to elective surgery. Half of the patients will received the virtual reality program, and the other half will received de common treatment.


During preoperative time, anxiety is one of the most frequent problems in children, causing an important health problem as long with pain. In the surgical fields there are two especially stressful moments for the child, the first one is the parents separation, and the second is the anaesthetic induction, which in up to 42% of cases can be traumatic.

Methods to treat paediatric anxiety have evolved in the last decades. Pharmacological therapy is one of the most used methods to treat anxiety in the immediate preoperative period, but complications and unwanted side effects are described. Due to this side effects, this study will evaluate the the effectiveness of the Virtual Reality Educational Program (RVEP) to reduce the perioperative anxiety in children.

Condition Anxiety Disorders, Virtual Reality, Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD), Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD - Pediatric), Anxiety Symptoms, Anxiety Disorders (Pediatric), anxious, Anxiety, anxiety disorder, ANXIETY NEUROSIS
Treatment Virtual Reality Educational Program
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03578393
SponsorServei Central d' Anestesiologia
Last Modified on28 October 2021


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Children between 3 and 12 years old
Elective surgical intervention
ASA I-II (classification of the American Society of Anesthesiologists)
Surgical complexity grade I-II according to National Institute for Clinical Excellence of the NHS
General anesthesia
Spanish or Catalan speaking families
Understanding the study and signing the informed consent of the study by parents or legal guardians

Exclusion Criteria

Patients suffering from psychiatric or mental illness, psychomotor retardation, blindness or deafness
Denial of parents / legal guardians and / or children
Ambulatory surgery
Surgical intervention of the child the year before the current one
Clear my responses

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