Personalized Medicine for Canadians With Hemophilia (PMCH)

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Sep 30, 2023
  • participants needed
    600
  • sponsor
    McMaster University
Updated on 1 March 2022
treatment regimen
hemophilia
severe haemophilia a

Summary

Performing an individual pharmacokinetic (PK) estimate is only the first step in implementing tailored prophylaxis, which requires using the PK profile information to design a personalized treatment regimen matching the treatment needs of individual patients. The overarching goal of WAPPS-Hemo is to provide an easy-to-use web application supporting all the steps needed to accomplish tailoring care of individual patients by matching their unique characteristics to the most appropriate treatment regimen, realizing the promise of personalized medicine.

This study will assess the impact of adopting population PK (popPK) based tailored prophylaxis in clinical practice, including proportion of patients eligible for tailoring, and encountered barriers. The impact on patient important outcomes and on societal outcomes, particularly financial impact, vs. current standardized regimens will be measured. It is hypothesized that WAPPS-Hemo, via estimation of precise individual PK profiles and by supporting the simulation of treatment regimens will:

  1. improve or maintain patient important outcomes, while reducing wastage of factor concentrates; and
  2. establish best practices and effective knowledge translation strategies for the implementation of personalized medicine.

Additionally, a solid base of data will be generated to model the bleeding risk of severe hemophilia A/B patients undergoing tailored prophylaxis which will enable evaluation of a combination of patient and treatment characteristics predictive of individual bleeding risk.

Description

The PMCH study is a Canadian multicentre, open-label, historically-controlled clinical trial to evaluate the effects of implementing WAPPS-Hemo PopPK-based tailoring of hemophilia prophylaxis regimens using the tailoring dosing function of the WAPPS-Hemo system (WAPPS-Hemo clinical calculator).

The study start date at each centre are staggered by 1-3 months in a modified wedge-shaped design, to allow better differentiation of the effect of the intervention from unrelated but concomitant changes in other aspects of care in the Canadian landscape. Outcomes of interest will be measured for one year prior and for one year after the implementation of the WAPPS-Hemo regimen tailoring procedure.

The two main objectives of this study are:

  1. Evaluate the applicability and effectiveness of WAPPS-Hemo PopPK-based tailoring of factor concentrate regimens.
  2. Generate a solid base of data to model the bleeding risk of severe hemophilia A/B patients on prophylaxis, evaluating the contribution of patient and treatment characteristics to individual bleeding risk to be reduced by the tailored prophylaxis approach.

PMCH will objectively measure the impact of adopting a PopPK based tailoring of hemophilia treatment. The first goal will be minimizing the occurrence of bleeding events in the hemophilia population. The bleeding rate of Canadian hemophilia patients is still measurable at 2-4 spontaneous joint bleeds per year, which in turn reduce quality of life and consume health resources. It is expected that optimizing treatment goal and modalities will reduce this burden, or at least will not increase it, allowing the pursuit the second goal: minimize the use of resources and prompt a more equitable distribution of factor concentrates. For some patients, standard prophylaxis dosing leads to excessive use of concentrates. It is expected that a small but sizeable proportion of the patient population will be able to successfully reduce their factor concentrate consumption. The third goal will be to generate an evidence-based approach to identify the appropriate target goal(s) for individual patients by modelling the components of their risk of bleeding. Adopting a variable target threshold may enhance objective one and two, maximizing benefits with appropriate allocation of resources.

In addition to WAPPS-Hemo, the study will involve two other tools available to hemophilia treaters in Canada: the Canadian Bleeding Disorders Registry (CBDR) and Patient Reported Outcomes, Burdens and Experiences (PROBE) questionnaire. In particular, this study will leverage the integration of the three tools described above: WAPPS-Hemo, with its ability to generate PK estimates and use them to optimize treatment regiments; CBDR, already collecting most of the information needed to both generate and estimate optimal regimen recommendations for tailoring an individual regimen to meet specified treatment goals; and PROBE, to measure the impact on patient critical life experiences and outcome.

Details
Condition Hemophilia A, Hemophilia B
Treatment Implementation of WAPPS-Hemo personalized dosing regimen
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03615053
SponsorMcMaster University
Last Modified on1 March 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

individuals with severe congenital hemophilia A and B
on continuous factor prophylaxis
must be registered on CBDR (iCHIP in BC)

Exclusion Criteria

a history of explicit and documented previous treatment tailoring based on pharmacokinetic profiling
another congenital or acquired bleeding disorders other than Hemophilia A or B
active inhibitors (> 5 Bethesda units) or currently undergoing immune tolerance induction
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