Waterjet Prostate Ablation

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Dec 15, 2022
  • participants needed
    20
  • sponsor
    Chinese University of Hong Kong
Updated on 15 June 2021
incontinence
ablation therapy
lower urinary tract symptoms
acute retention of urine
transurethral resection
impotence
acute urinary retention
ultrasound prostate

Summary

Introduction Men with enlarged prostates commonly experience lower urinary tract symptoms and may go on to develop complications such as acute urinary retention (AUR). Surgery is the standard treatment option required to remove the enlarged prostates and to rectify such complications.

Transurethral resection of prostate (TURP) was first performed over 80 years ago and is still regarded as the "gold standard" for the treatment of benign prostatic enlargement (BPE) in prostates between 30 and 80ml. While TURP results in an improvement in symptoms, perioperative morbidity and long-term complications can include postoperative bleeding, urinary retention, incontinence, urethral strictures, erectile dysfunction, and ejaculatory dysfunction. Aquablation, a novel minimally invasive water ablation therapy combining image guidance and robotics (AQUABEAM, Procept BioRobotics, Redwood Shores, CA, USA) for the targeted and heatfree removal of prostate tissue is one of the efforts in the development of new technology in recent years to replicate the effectiveness of TURP and at the same time with an improved safety profile. In this study, investigators plan to evaluate the feasibility and safety of Aquablation in the management of AUR secondary to BPE.

Method 20 participants are expected in this study. After patients consent to participate in the study, they will go through Aquablation under general anaesthesia or spinal anaesthesia. The ablation is delivered by transurethral means. After the procedure, subject is expected to go home on the following day. Subject will be assessed 3 months and 6 months after the procedure. Follow-up assessment includes blood tests, prostate ultrasound and urodynamic study.

Description

Benign prostatic enlargement (BPE) is a non-malignant growth of the prostate gland that can lead to a range of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), and in some cases eventually leading to retention of urine. In patients failing to wean off catheter after retention of urine due to BPE, surgical intervention is the standard treatment.

Surgical intervention options have evolved from electrosurgical resection to the use of lasers for enucleation and ablation. Transurethral resection of prostate (TURP) was first performed over 80 years ago and is still regarded as the "gold standard" for the treatment of BPE in prostates between 30 and 80ml. While TURP results in a statistically significant improvement in symptoms score and and maximum urinary flow rate (Qmax), perioperative morbidity and long-term complications can include postoperative bleeding, urinary retention, incontinence, urethral strictures, erectile dysfunction, and ejaculatory dysfunction. Aquablation, a novel minimally invasive water ablation therapy combining image guidance and robotics (AQUABEAM, Procept BioRobotics, Redwood Shores, CA, USA) for the targeted and heat-free removal of prostate tissue is one of the efforts in the development of new technology in recent years to replicate the effectiveness of TURP and at the same time with an improved safety profile. Safety and feasibility of Aquablation in the management of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) have been proven successful in both canine model and human. Since then, two other prospective non-randomized trials demonstrated that the surgical ablation of the prostate using Aquablation had achieved significant and immediate improvement of functional voiding parameters as well as symptomatic improvement. Two randomized controlled trials comparing Aquablation against TURP found that Aquablation had produced a similar improvement in LUTS as TURP, with a better side-effect profile. AQUABEAM is currently a FDA approved equipment for the ablation of prostate tissue. It is being used in US as well as in Europe and New Zealand.

So far, all studies focused on the application of Aquablation in patients with LUTS only secondary to benign prostatic obstruction (BPO). In this study, investigators plan to evaluate the feasibility and safety of Aquablation in the management of another facet of BPH, which is retention of urine.

Details
Condition Benign prostatic hypertrophy, Prostatic disorder, Prostate Disorders, Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (Enlarged Prostate), benign prostatic hyperplasia
Treatment Aquablation
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03938194
SponsorChinese University of Hong Kong
Last Modified on15 June 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Retention of urine refractory to medical treatment

Exclusion Criteria

Patients with active urinary tract infection
Patients with bleeding disorder or on anti-coagulation
Patients with bladder pathology including bladder stone and bladder cancer
Patients with urethral stricture
Patients with neurogenic bladder and/or sphincter abnormalities
Patients with previous nonpharmacological prostate treatment
Prostate cancer
Fail to give informed consent
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