Could Ketoanalogue-supplemented Low Protein Diet Defer Dialysis in Advanced Diabetic Kidney Disease? (K-DDD) (K-DDD)

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Mar 31, 2023
  • participants needed
    120
  • sponsor
    Anemia Working Group Romania
Updated on 28 February 2022

Summary

This is a prospective single center open label randomized controlled trial aiming to assess the effectiveness and safety of a low protein diet (0.6 g/kg-day, mainly vegetarian) supplemented with ketoanalogues of essential amino-acids (sLPD) as compared to a mild protein restriction (0.8 g/kg-day, MPD) in reducing Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) progression, with a planned total duration is of 18 months.

Adult diabetic patients with CKD stage 4+ [estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease 4-variable (MDRD4) formula <30 mL/min per year], with stable renal function (historical reduction of eGFR of < 10 ml/min-year) , proteinuria > 3g/g creatininuria and good nutritional status (SGA A) will be enrolled.

Description

Adult diabetic patients with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) stage 4+ (estimated GFR using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease 4-variable, MDRD4, formula <30 mL/min per year), with stable renal function (historical reduction of eGFR of < 10 ml/min-year), proteinuria > 3g/g creatininuria and good nutritional status (SGA A) will be enrolled. Patients with evidence of active kidney disease (except proteinuria), with indication of etiological or pathogenic treatment, those with poor control of diabetes (HbA1c >8%), those with uncontrolled high blood pressure (155/85 mmHg), those with significant co-morbidities (heart failure, active liver disease, malabsorption, active infections, inflammatory diseases requiring corticosteroids), those with uremic symptoms (pericarditis, digestive disorders ) or malnutrition (SGA B or C, serum albumin < 3.5 g/dl) will be excluded.

Eligible patients will enter a run-in phase (3 mo), when mild protein restriction (0.8g/kg dry ideal bw) will be initiated and compliance will be evaluated twice monthly.

Those who will prove compliant during the run-in phase and still fulfill the selection criteria will be randomized 1:1 (computer-generated numbers) to receive the low protein diet (0.6 g/kg-day, mainly vegetarian) supplemented with ketoanalogues of essential amino-acids (Ketosteril 1 tb/10 kg dry bw) or to continue the mild protein restriction (0.8 g/kg-day).

The total recommended energy intake is of 30 kcal/kg of ideal dry body weight per day in all patients.

The primary composite endpoint is the need for RRT initiation or a more than 50% reduction in the initial eGFR any time during the assessment phase. The decision to initiate RRT will be made by the Ethical Committee of the Hospital, based on the clinical and laboratory data.

The need for RRT initiation, the quality of life [assessed by the Short Form-36 (SF-36) Questionnaire], the decline in GFR and the correction of metabolic complications of CKD [serum levels of urea, calcium, phosphates, serum parathyroid hormone levels, bicarbonate, potassium] will be secondary efficacy parameters.

Parameters of nutritional status (SGA, anthropometric and biochemical parameters), compliance to the diet, occurrence of any adverse event and the number of withdrawals will be safety variables.

All the parameters will be assessed at baseline, throughout the intervention phase and at end of the study.

Details
Condition CKD Stage 4
Treatment Protein restriction
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03415074
SponsorAnemia Working Group Romania
Last Modified on28 February 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

diabetic patients
CKD stage 4+ (estimated GFR using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease 4-variable, MDRD4, formula <30 mL/min per year)
stable renal function (historical reduction of eGFR of < 10 ml/min-year)
proteinuria > 3g/g creatininuria
good nutritional status (SGA A)

Exclusion Criteria

evidence of active kidney disease (except proteinuria)
indication for etiological or pathogenic treatment
poor control of diabetes (HbA1c >8%)
uncontrolled high blood pressure (155/85 mmHg)
significant co-morbidities (heart failure, active liver disease, malabsorption, active infections, inflammatory diseases requiring corticosteroids)
uremic symptoms (pericarditis, digestive disorders
or malnutrition (SGA B or C, serum albumin < 3.5 g/dl)
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