Investigating Serotonin Signalling in IBD Patients (IBD)

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    May 14, 2024
  • participants needed
    60
  • sponsor
    McMaster University
Updated on 7 October 2022
irritable bowel syndrome
remission
ulcerative colitis
crohn's disease
enteropathy
colitis
ulceration
Accepts healthy volunteers

Summary

Alterations in normal serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine;5-HT) signaling have been reported in ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD). Studies report an increase in enterochromaffin (EC) cell, main source of 5-HT in the gut, numbers in CD and UC patients. Up-regulated expression of mucosal Tryptophan hydroxylase (TPH)-1, catalytic enzyme in 5-HT production, messenger RNA (mRNA) have been found in CD patients in remission who are suffering the irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)-like symptoms. Alterations in normal 5-HT signaling has also been reported in animal models of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Thus, the aim of the proposed research project will be to study the alterations in 5-HT signalling accompanying GI inflammatory conditions, such as IBD.

Description

The gut produces approximately 95% of serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine; 5-HT) found in the human body; where, it is a very important mucosal signaling molecule participating in gut motility, sensation, and secretion.The vast majority of the gut-derived 5-HT is produced by specialized epithelial cells of The GI tract, called enterochromaffin (EC) cells. EC cells produce 5-HT from dietary tryptophan, this process involves the rate limiting enzyme tryptophan hydroxylase (TPH) 1, once produced this 5-HT can be released into the gut lumen, surrounding tissue and can enter the blood circulation.5-HT mediates many gastrointestinal functions, including secretion and peristalsis, by acting on a diverse range of 5-HT receptors. Five of the seven known receptor families of 5-HT (5-HT1, 5-HT2, 5-HT3, 5-HT4 and 5-HT7) are expressed in the gut.

5-HT has been evaluated in IBD and in animal models of colitis. An increase in numbers of EC cells expressing 5-HT is observed in CD and UC patients and consumption of selective 5-HT reuptake inhibitors is associated with microscopic colitis. In the present study, we plan to investigate the key elements of mucosal 5-HT signaling in CD patients for a better understanding of the role of 5-HT in pathogenesis of IBD.

Details
Condition Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT01650311
SponsorMcMaster University
Last Modified on7 October 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Patient groups: Disease diagnosis (CD or UC),duration of disease, previous/type of treatments, duration of treatment and disease prognosis
Healthy controls: No diagnosis of CD or UC and no diagnosis of IBS

Exclusion Criteria

Patient groups: Drugs that directly affect components of 5-HT signaling, any other disease or condition that may interfere with study assessments as judged by the investigator
Healthy controls:Chronic use of any anti-inflammatory drugs, drugs that directly affect components of 5-HT signalling and any other disease or condition that may interfere with study assessments as judged by the investigator
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