Mediators in Nasal Hyperreactivity in Allergic Rhinitis and Chronic Rhinosinusitis

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Sep 18, 2022
  • participants needed
    144
  • sponsor
    Universitaire Ziekenhuizen Leuven
Updated on 27 February 2022
Accepts healthy volunteers

Summary

Rhinitis, or inflammation of the nasal mucosa, can present with nasal obstruction, nasal discharge, itch or sneezing. If the sinusal mucosa is involved as well, it is called rhinosinusitis and facial pain or loss of smell is possible. Several causes are known, such as an underlying allergy ("allergic rhinitis", AR). If at least 2 symptoms are present for at least 12 weeks, it is called "chronic rhinosinusitis" (CRS).

Up to 2/3 of the AR and CRS patients have symptoms upon exposure to triggers such as sudden temperature changes, smoke, fragrances a phenomenon called "nasal hyperreactivity" (NHR). It is currently not clear why some patients suffer NHR while others do not.

In this study, the investigators want to identify the mediators associated with NHR in patients with allergic rhinitis, chronic rhinosinusitis and healthy control subjects.To do so, participants will be provoked with cold, dry air in order to objectively diagnose NHR. Before and after provocation, the peak nasal inspiratory flow will be measured and samples will be collected (nasal secretions, biopsies).

Description

Patients with perennial allergic rhinitis, chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps and healthy control subjects will be recruited. At baseline, nasal secretions and mucosal biopsies will be collected. After 3 weeks, participants will be provoked with cold, dry air, and samples will be harvested again. A decrease in the peak nasal inspiratory flow of >20% will be used as a cutoff to define nasal hyperreactivity.

Nasal secretions will be analysed for various mediators using a multiplex assay. The biopsies will be used for RT-q-PCR and immunohistochemistry of various transient receptor potential (TRP) channels.

Details
Condition Hyperactivity, Allergic Rhinitis Due to House Dust Mite, Chronic Rhinosinusitis With Nasal Polyps
Treatment Cold, dry air
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04286542
SponsorUniversitaire Ziekenhuizen Leuven
Last Modified on27 February 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

-65 years
positive skin prick test for house dust mite (for allergic rhinitis group), presence of nasal polyps (for chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps group)
VAS-score >5 for rhino(sinus)itis symptoms

Exclusion Criteria

positive skin prick test (for chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps group and healthy control group), presence of nasal polyps (for allergic rhinitis group and healthy control group)
Acute rhinitis in the past 2 weeks
(History of) immunotherapy for house dust mite
Relevant anatomic abnormalities
Participation in another clinical trial at the moment of this study
Use of anticoagulants (apart from acetylsalicylic acid)
Use of tricyclic antidepressants
History of intranasal drug usage in the past 12 months
Pregnancy or breastfeeding
Malignancy or severe comorbidity
Clear my responses

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