Impact of the Daily Doxycycline Pre-exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) on the Incidence of Syphilis, Gonorrhoea and Chlamydia (Syphilaxis)

  • End date
    Dec 17, 2024
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Kirby Institute
Updated on 26 April 2022


  1. This study is a non-randomized observational cohort trial using before and after comparison to evaluate intervention 2. It would mimic the conditions that would occur outside a clinical trial. 2. After consent and enrolment, all procedures will be guided by the Australian STI Management Guidelines.
  2. All enrolling participants will be offered daily doxycycline 100mg 4. All participants will be invited to complete a survey in every 3 months time for 12 months dated from participation.
  3. All follow-up information will be collected through electronic data capture to allow accurate and timely analyses.
  4. Data collection will be from (i) medical records (ii) online self-completed questionnaire


The last decade has seen increasing rates of bacterial STIs in Australia in gay and bisexual men in particular. Although STIs are easy to diagnose and treatment is effective, untreated STIs can cause significant health issues.

Previous research has shown that taking two100mg doxycycline tablets within 24 hours of sex as prophylaxis reduces syphilis and chlamydia significantly. Also a pilot trial conducted in the US suggested that using 100mg doxycycline as prophylaxis reduced the incidence of gonorrhoea, syphilis and chlamydia. Thus the question of whether taking doxycycline daily in high risk population would reduce the rate of STIs arose.

We set up this study as a non-randomized observational cohort trial using a before and after comparison to evaluate if taking 100mg doxycycline daily would help high risk gay and bisexual men to reduce the possibility of acquiring gonorrhoea, syphilis and chlamydia. Our primary objectives are to:assess acceptability of a daily dosing regimen for doxycycline prophylaxis, and measure the efficacy of 100mg daily doxycycline STI prophylaxis against reinfection with gonorrhoea, chlamydia and syphilis. Our secondary objectives are to: describe patterns of doxycycline use and medication adherence to the recommended schedule participants; evaluate change in behavioral among all study participants; evaluate resistance in the gut microbiota and in those colonized by S aureus at baseline and end of study, in a subset of consenting participants.

The study will be conducted in 3 sexual health centres. Eligible participants will undergo standard care in their trimonthly visit recommended by STI testing guideline, and complete informed consent and a baseline survey. They will be given daily dose of 100mg oral doxycycline for 3 months during the visit, and instruction of how to take the medicine. Questionnaires will be sent out to participants in every 3 months electronically and data will be collected and stored directly into the study survey database. Each participant will be follow-up for 12 months.

Condition STIs Prevention
Treatment doxycycline
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03709459
SponsorKirby Institute
Last Modified on26 April 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Male or transgender
Aged 18 years or over
Reports sex with men in last 3 months
At least two screenings for syphilis, gonorrhoea and chlamydia in the past 12 months
A diagnosis of syphilis within the last 12 months, OR a diagnosis of any 2 STIs within the last 12 months and syphilis within the last 24 months
HIV +ve, OR HIV -ve and on PrEP for at least 6 months

Exclusion Criteria

Documented or self-reported hypersensitivity to doxycycline or antimicrobial agents from tetracycline family
A known diagnosis of myasthenia gravis
Factors or conditions that may compromise a participant's access to health services for follow-up (incarceration or planned relocation that would impact upon proximity to a trial site)
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