Last updated on January 2014

Umbilical Cord Blood for Stem Cell Transplantation in Treating Young Patients With Malignant or Nonmalignant Diseases


Brief description of study

RATIONALE: Umbilical cord blood transplantation may be able to replace immune cells that were destroyed by chemotherapy or radiation therapy. PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying how well umbilical cord blood works as a source of stem cells in treating patients with types of cancer as well as other diseases.

Detailed Study Description

OBJECTIVES: Primary - Determine the impact of the use of umbilical cord blood as a source of hematopoietic stem cells for children with life-threatening oncologic, hematologic, or genetic/metabolic disorders in need of a stem cell transplant. - Compare the incidence of graft-versus-host disease in patients receiving cord blood transplants in this study with historical data for unrelated donor stem cell transplants. - Compare the incidence of engraftment in patients receiving cord blood transplants in this study with historical data for unrelated donor stem cell transplants. OUTLINE: - Preparative therapy: Patients are treated on 1 of 4 preparative therapy regimens. - Regimen A: Patients undergo total body irradiation (TBI) two times daily on days -7 to -4. Patients receive cyclophosphamide IV over 30-60 minutes on days -3 and -2 and anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) IV over at least 6 hours on days -3 to -1. - Regimen B (patients who do not receive TBI): Patients receive oral busulfan 4 times daily on days -8 to -5, and ATG IV over at least 6 hours and melphalan IV over 15-20 minutes on days -4 to -2. - Regimen C (patients with Fanconi's anemia and related disorders): Patients undergo TBI on day -6. Patients receive ATG IV over at least 6 hours and methylprednisolone IV on days -5 to -1 and fludarabine IV over 30 minutes and cyclophosphamide IV over 30-60 minutes on days -5 to -2. - Regimen D: Patients receive oral or IV busulfan 4 times daily on days -9 to -5, ATG IV over at least 6 hours on days -5 to -3, and cyclophosphamide IV over 30-60 minutes on days -5 to -2. - Cord blood transplant: All patients undergo umbilical cord blood transplantation on day 0. - Graft-versus-host disease prophylaxis: Patients receive oral or IV cyclosporine twice daily beginning on day -1. Patients also receive methylprednisolone IV twice daily beginning on day 5 and continuing until at least day 28. PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 25 patients will be accrued for this study.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT00084695

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Recruitment Status: Open


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