Technology Based Community Health Nursing(TECH-N) to Prevent Recurrent STIs After PID II

  • End date
    Dec 22, 2024
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Johns Hopkins University
Updated on 22 March 2022


The investigators are enrolling 150 young women 13-25 years old diagnosed with pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) in Baltimore to receive community health nurse (CHN) clinical support visits and short messaging system communication support for 30 days. The investigators' intervention group(TECH-PN) will receive additional testing and treatment in the field. The investigators hypothesize that repackaging the recommended Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) follow-up visit using a technology-enhanced community health nursing intervention (TECH-N) with integration of an evidence-based sexually transmitted infection (STI) prevention curriculum will reduce rates of short-term repeat infection by improving adherence to PID treatment and reducing unprotected intercourse and be more cost-effective compared with outpatient standard of care (and hospitalization).


Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) is a common, serious reproductive disorder that is associated with significant adverse reproductive health outcomes such as ectopic pregnancy, tubal infertility, chronic pelvic pain, and significant reductions in health-related quality of life for affected patients. The Technology Enhanced Community Health (TECH) Nursing Study has further demonstrated that the biological milieu associated with PID is more complicated than the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) treatment guidance indicates, leaving women without adequate treatment for Mycoplasma genitalium (MG) and Trichomonas vaginalis (TV). The broad-spectrum antibiotics recommended by the CDC for syndromic PID management are suboptimal because: 1) MG is often resistant to doxycycline (standard therapy) and macrolides such as Azithromycin (alternative therapy) and 2) metronidazole (effective for TV) is an optional add-on to standard PID treatment that is inconsistently prescribed at diagnosis. Further MG was not officially considered in CDC STI treatment guidelines until release until 2015, testing is only available in large research laboratories, and the paucity of data from randomized trials limits the scope of the CDC's recommendations. Finally, while there are no public health control programs in the United States for MG and TV, recurrent and persistent infection with MG and TV is associated with ongoing inflammation in the female genital tract and increased risk for secondary STI and HIV infection due to unhealthy shifts in vagina microbiota. The goals of this study are to leverage novel STI diagnostics (new MG macrolide resistance testing and TV testing) with the investigators' demonstrated ability to reach vulnerable youth to treat adolescents and young adult women with mild-moderate PID with precision based on the actual diagnoses rather than suboptimal syndromic management. The investigators will add genomic analysis of vaginal specimens to assess compositional changes in the five vaginal Lactobacilli community state types associated with optimal vaginal health to determine if TECH-precision-nursing (TECH-PN) protocols for field treatment tailored to STI results reduces the inflammatory response observed with active vaginal infections. The investigators hypothesize that by further repackaging the investigators' previous successful TECH-N intervention protocol and translating bench science into precision healthcare, the investigators will further reduce the risk of recurrent infection, potentially restore vaginal health for PID- affected patients, and add new knowledge that advances public health control of STIs and has the potential to reduce the observed STI disparities after PID in urban youth.

Condition Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
Treatment Tech-PN
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03828994
SponsorJohns Hopkins University
Last Modified on22 March 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Mild-moderate PID
Outpatient treatment disposition
Permanently reside in the Baltimore Metropolitan area
Willing to sign informed consent & be randomized

Exclusion Criteria

Concurrent diagnosis of Sexual Assault
Unable to communicate/complete study procedures
Clear my responses

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