Nebulised Liposomal Amphotericin for Invasive Pulmonary Aspergillosis (NAIFI01 Study) (NAIFI01)

  • days left to enroll
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Fundacion para la Investigacion Biomedica del Hospital Universitario Ramon y Cajal
Updated on 27 February 2022


The investigators aim to assess the safety and efficacy of nebulized liposomal amphotericin B (ALN) as a complementary therapy to the usual systemic treatment in patients with invasive pulmonary aspergillosis and the utility of a non-routine test as a surrogate marker of efficacy. To this end, a 3-year phase I, prospective, randomized and controlled clinical trial will be carried out in a single center, in patients with proven or probable pulmonary aspergillosis receiving routine systemic treatment. Participants will be randomized ( 1: 1) to receive ALN, 25 mg or nebulizer injection water 3 times a week, for 6 weeks. The primary objective is the safety of ALN in this scenario, including clinical tolerance and pharmacokinetic studies. Secondary objectives are presented as: a) clinical efficacy, using the following criteria: complete response, partial response, stability and progression or death, on week 12; b) microbiological efficacy, using culture, galactomannan, BDGlucan and Aspergillus PCR in induced sputum on week +6; and c) to explore the utility of the SUV ("standardized uptake value") index in PET-CT performed on week +6 in relation to a baseline PET-CT as a surrogate marker of response. The administration of ALN and placebo will be carried out by eFlowR vibrating membrane electronic nebulizers. To carry out the study, the following visits will be made: baseline, week 1,2,3,4,5,6 (efficacy and safety evaluation), 9 and 12 (overall evaluation).


Phase of the clinical trial Phase I trial (pilot study), prospective, randomised, controlled trial using a drug under conditions of use not approved for the form of administration.

It is a Phase I study since the primary objective includes tolerance analysis, safety and pharmacokinetic and distribution studies of nebulized amphotericin, but when administered to patients it also carries out the preliminary assessment of the safety and efficacy of the treatment.

Primary and secondary variables

Primary variable:

Reduction of >20% of post-nebulized FVC and FEV1 in relation to values obtained before nebulization.

In each visit made during the nebulized therapy period (week 1 visit in view of week 6) the following parameters will be objectified: before and after nebulization:

  • forced vital capacity (FVC)
  • forced expiration volume in 1 second (FEV1) Both parameters will be measured with the Micro Spirometer; Micro Medical Ltd; Rochester UK). Repeat 3 times and obtain the higher value

Secondary variables:

  • Related to tolerability and safety
  • At systemic level: Fr Resp/min: Breathing rate per minute, Fr Card/min: Heart rate per minute, BP (mmHg): Systolic and diastolic blood pressure, Sat 02 (%): Percentage of oxygen saturation (digital pulse oximetry), blood test disturbances.
  • At the pulmonary level: symptomatic cough, bronchospasm (auscultation), dyspnea or shortness of breath, need for bronchodilator treatment.
  • Others: bad taste in mouth, nausea, dysphagia Given the practical absence of systemic passage of nebulized Ambisome confirmed in other studies, the practical absence of reported systemic reactions and given the high number of systemic events that these patients develop in relation to their underlying pathology and the use of other systemic treatments, adverse events of an extrapulmonary or systemic nature that are not considered adverse reactions (related to nebulized therapy, the object of the study) will not be collected for the study.
  • related to pharmacokinetics
  • Concentration of amphotericin in bronchoalveolar lavage
  • Plasma amphotericin concentration Related to Effectiveness
  • Radiological efficacy (including PET-CT control): Image response and PET-CT performance: Quantification of SUV metabolic uptake index in a combined positron emission tomography (PET-CT).
  • Microbiological efficacy in BAL: Microbiological response in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL): Comparison of results of calcofluor staining, fungal culture, galactomannan, BDGlucan and Aspergillus PCR of BAL samples obtained by fibrobronchoscopy
  • Serum microbiological response: Comparison of results for galactomannan and BDGlucan in serum during the weeks of study follow-up

Condition Invasive Pulmonary Aspergillosis
Treatment Placebo, Amphotericin B Liposomal 50 MG
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04267497
SponsorFundacion para la Investigacion Biomedica del Hospital Universitario Ramon y Cajal
Last Modified on27 February 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Those over 18 years of age, signed by the IC or its representative, with a compatible respiratory clinic and meeting the following criteria will be included in the study: aspergillosis confirmed in sterile sample culture (e.g. lung biopsy) or with histological evidence of invasion, regardless of the patient's condition (proven aspergillosis)
In the absence of proven aspergillosis, patients who meet all 3 conditions below are considered likely and also eligible for inclusion
Clinical criteria: neutropenia (<500 neutrophils /ul), haematological malignancy, haematopoietic parent transplantation, solid organ transplantation, prolonged use of steroids, solid tumour, HIV infection, systemic diseases requiring immunosuppressive therapy, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, cirrhosis, malnutrition, post-operative cardiac surgery or respiratory distress secondary to influenza
Radiological criteria (TAC): infiltrates with halo effect, aerial meniscus, nodular, cavitated, ground glass, tree in bud or in general the presence of abnormal or persistent images refractory to antibiotherapy
Microbiological criterion: isolation of Aspergillus spp in respiratory samples (whether or not associated with hyphae vision in staining techniques) or the positivity of galactomannan in serum (>0.5 x2 or >0.8 x1) or galactomannan in BAL (>1.0)

Exclusion Criteria

Inability or refusal of the patient (or his/her legal representative) to grant the IC
Pregnancy or planning to become pregnant during the course of the study. Breastfeeding
Formal contraindication for the administration of nebulized drugs, hypersensitivity to amphotericin
Patients admitted to the ICU and patients who at the time of randomization are intubated or require imminent intubation cannot be included because some studies have confirmed that nebulized Ambisome can precipitate in the breathing tubes
Participation in another clinical trial in the previous month or life expectancy < 1 week
Clear my responses

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a study center
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

You are contacting

Investigator Avatar

Primary Contact



Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

Learn more

Similar trials to consider


Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 



Reply by • Private

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note