Evaluation of Urine Samples Obtained by Bladder Stimulation for the Diagnosis of Urinary Tract Infection in Infants

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Dec 21, 2022
  • participants needed
    770
  • sponsor
    Fondation Lenval
Updated on 21 July 2021

Summary

Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the most common serious bacterial infection among infants. Suprapubic aspiration and bladder catheterization are considered as the gold standard by the American Academy of Pediatrics for the diagnosis, yet it is painful and invasive. In contrast, the bladder stimulation technique has been shown to be a quick and non-invasive approach to collect urine in young infants. Actually, the investigators don't have data on bacterial contamination rates for clean-catch midstream urine collections using this technique

Description

Urinary tract infection (UTI) is common in infants and needs to be diagnosed quickly. The risk for urinary tract infection before the age of 2 years is about 1-4% in boys and 3-8% in girls. A delay in diagnosis exposes to severe complications. In infants, the symptoms are not specific. A good urinalysis quality is therefore necessary for the diagnosis of UTI. Different techniques exist to collect urine samples in these children who do not control their urination yet: supra pubic aspiration, catheterization, urine collection bag and clean catch urine. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends supra pubic aspiration (1-9 % bacterial contamination) and urinary catheterization (8-14 % contamination) for collecting urine but these techniques are invasive and painful. The sterile bag is a non-invasive method of urine collection, with a high bacterial contamination rates (26-62%) leading to unnecessary antibiotic treatment. Finally, clean catch urine is an accepted urine sample to diagnose UTI according to the recommendations (13-27 % of bacterial contamination) but this method is only possible for potty-trained children. Recent studies (Herreros et al, Altuntas et al, Tran et al.) have shown that bladder stimulation, which consists of pubic tapping and lumbar massage, would be a new, effective, non-invasive and safe method of collecting urine in infants.

Bladder stimulation may be performed by a nurse or a physician. The steps of the bladder stimulation technique are as follows: (a) cleaning the genital area with warm water and soap b) bladder stimulation technique, requires the presence of 3 people: infants will be held under their armpits by a parent over the bed, with legs dangling in males and hips flexed in females. The nurse or technician will then alternate between bladder stimulation maneuvers: gentle tapping in the suprapubic area at a frequency of 100 taps per minute for 30 seconds followed by lumbar paravertebral massage maneuvers for 30 seconds. These two stimulation maneuvers will be repeated until micturition begins, or for a maximum of of 3 minutes.

However, the investigators do not have data on the bacterial contamination rate for urine sample using this new technique. the investigators hypothesize that the bladder stimulation is a technique for obtaining urine with a contamination rate equivalent to those obtained by bladder catheterization, in the diagnosis of febrile urinary tract infection in infants under 6 months of age.

Details
Condition Urinary Tract Infection Bacterial
Treatment urinary catheterization, urinary catheterization, manual bladder stimulation technique
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03801213
SponsorFondation Lenval
Last Modified on21 July 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Infants under the age of 6 months
For whom an urine sample is required for the diagnosis of a urinary tract infection as
follows
fever > 39 C without symptoms
fever > 38C and uropathy or urinary tract infection
fever > 38C and < 3 months
fever > 38 C and > 48h
fever > 38 C with sepsis signs
Obtaining the authorization of the holders of parental authority
Affiliation to French social security

Exclusion Criteria

Do exhibiting signs of vital distress (respiratory or circulatory or neurological)
contraindication to bladder catheterization
antibiotic therapy in the last 48 hours
antibiotic prophylaxis in the last 48 hours
Clear my responses

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a study center
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

You are contacting

Investigator Avatar

Primary Contact

site

0/250

Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

Learn more

Similar trials to consider

Loading...

Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 

 • 

Private

Reply by • Private
Loading...

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.
Loading...

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note