Battlefield Acupuncture Following Shoulder Surgery (BFA)

  • End date
    Dec 3, 2022
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Keller Army Community Hospital
Updated on 26 February 2022
rotator cuff repair


The purpose of this randomized clinical trial is to determine the effectiveness of Battlefield Acupuncture (BFA) in addition to standard post-surgical shoulder physical therapy compared to a standard shoulder rehabilitation program in reducing medication use and pain in patients who have undergone shoulder surgery. Measurements of medication (opioid, NSAID, acetaminophen, etc.) use (daily number of pills consumed), pain rating, patient specific functional scale and global rating of change will be taken at 48-hours (baseline), 72-hours, 1-week, and 4-weeks post-surgery. It is hypothesized that the inclusion of Battlefield Acupuncture will result in a decrease in post-surgical pain levels, reduced opioid medication use, and improved patient mood when compared to rehabilitation alone.

Condition Shoulder Injuries, Pain, Postoperative, Acupuncture, Ear, Pain Management
Treatment Battlefield Acupuncture, Standard post-surgical rehabilitation
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04094246
SponsorKeller Army Community Hospital
Last Modified on26 February 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Age 17-55 Department of Defense beneficiaries (17 only if an emancipated cadet at the U.S. Military Academy)
Prior to or within 48 hours post shoulder stabilization surgery
Prior to or within 48 hours post rotator cuff repair surgery

Exclusion Criteria

Self-reported pregnancy
History of blood borne pathogens, infectious disease, or active infection
History of metal allergy
History of bleeding disorders or currently taking anti-coagulant medications
Participants who are not fluent in English
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Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

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If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

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Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

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