Preoperative Paravertebral Block in Cancer Surgery of the Lung (ParaSOL)

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    May 31, 2023
  • participants needed
    100
  • sponsor
    Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust
Updated on 26 February 2022

Summary

The investigators aim to determine whether ultrasound-guided preemptive paravertebral blockade (PVB) local anaesthetic (pre-PVB LA), administered in addition to the post-operative PVB (post-PVB) local anaesthetic (LA) infusion, reduces acute postoperative pain, opioid requirement, chronic pain, and improves surgical recovery, in thoracoscopic surgery for lung cancer.

Description

In the UK, there has been an increase in lung cancer operations, especially in high risk and elderly patients, improving survival from 10.6% in 2008 to 15.1% in 2013. Lung cancer surgery is associated with severe acute pain, a high incidence of respiratory complications and chronic post-surgical pain. Severe acute postoperative pain is a strong predictor of CPSP. The improvement of perioperative outcomes in elderly patients, the benefits of regional anaesthesia and reduction of chronic pain are investigative priorities of the Anaesthesia and Perioperative Care Setting Partnership.

Enhanced recovery strategies include video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS), a minimally invasive alternative to open thoracotomy, which may be associated with less postoperative pain. Regional anaesthesia, by thoracic epidural analgesia (TEA) or PVB, is superior to systemic opioids in reducing acute pain after thoracotomy surgery.

Preemptive analgesia describes the aim of minimizing central spinal pain transmission by noxious stimuli arising from events at surgery, by administering an analgesic technique prior to surgical incision. Regional blockade affects central sensitization, allowing analgesia to outlast the pharmacological sensory blockade.

Compared to TEA initiated after surgery, acute pain severity is reduced by preemptive TEA. There are conflicting reports on the benefit of preemptive analgesia in other types of surgery, but TEA and PVB may prevent CPSP in thoracotomy and breast surgery. Some small studies have shown that pre-PVB reduces acute postoperative pain.

Paravertebral blockade is known to be as effective as TEA for acute postoperative analgesia following thoracic surgery, whilst having a lower incidence of pulmonary complications, hypotension and nausea. It is conventional practice in many centres for the surgical administration and placement of a catheter at the end of surgery for postoperative LA infusion (post-PVB) as the sole method of regional analgesia. Preoperative PVB is less common: anaesthetists may use a landmark technique, single or multiple injections and different volumes/strengths of LA.

Ultrasound guidance for pre-PVB injection increases accuracy. In an audit using this technique with post-PVB compared to post-PVB only, the investigators demonstrated reduced pain numerical rating scale (NRS) scores in elective VATS patients, (mean NRS at 24h 2.5 vs 4.5), and a reduction in the proportion of patients who experienced moderate-to-severe pain of NRS 3 from 83% to 50% at 24h.

The investigators therefore aim to evaluate the contribution of ultrasound-guided pre-PVB, administered in addition to the post-PVB LA infusion, in reducing the severity of acute postoperative pain, perioperative opioid requirement, development of CPSP, and improving patient outcome in lung cancer patients undergoing VATS.

Details
Condition Thoracic Neoplasm, Chronic Pain Post-Procedural, Acute Post-thoracotomy Pain, Anesthesia, Local
Treatment Levo-Bupivacaine Hydrochloride (HCl) 0.25 % in 20mL Injection, 0.9% Sodium Chloride 20mL Injection, Levo-Bupivacaine Hydrochloride (HCl) 0.5 % in 20mL Injection
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04209868
SponsorGuy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust
Last Modified on26 February 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Elective radical primary lung cancer VATS surgery for single lobectomy
American Society of Anesthesiology (ASA) I-III
Age 18

Exclusion Criteria

Planned open thoracotomy, wedge resection, bilobectomy, pneumonectomy, chest wall resection or total pleurectomy
Local anaesthetic or opioid allergy
Coagulation disorders
Inability to comply with study questionnaire completion
Pre-existing pain in chest area or pre-existing pain conditions
Local infection/tumour at proposed PVB site
Previous lung surgery
Planned surgery within 3 months of the primary lung resection
Clear my responses

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a study center
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer  to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

You are contacting

Investigator Avatar

Primary Contact

site

Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

Learn more

Similar trials to consider

Loading...

Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 

 • 

Private

Reply by • Private
Loading...

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.
Loading...

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note