Contingency Management to Enhance Office-Based Buprenorphine Treatment

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Dec 31, 2023
  • participants needed
    375
  • sponsor
    Johns Hopkins University
Updated on 30 May 2022

Summary

Contingency Management interventions provide incentives to substance abuse patients when patients meet therapeutic goals. This project will compare the effectiveness of two Contingency Management interventions (which the investigators have named "Buprenorphine Adherence and Opiate Abstinence" and "Buprenorphine Adherence Only") and Standard Medical Management for treating adults with opioid use disorder. Participants (N=375) will be randomly assigned to one of the three groups. Buprenorphine Adherence and Opiate Abstinence and Buprenorphine Adherence Only participants will receive incentives for daily buprenorphine use. Buprenorphine Adherence and Opiate Abstinence participants also will receive incentives for providing opiate-negative saliva samples. Daily buprenorphine use and opiate abstinence will both be remotely verified using smartphone-enabled video directly observed therapy (Video DOT). All participants will be receiving or referred to receive buprenorphine treatment and will complete assessments every 4 weeks during a 12-week intervention period.

Description

Opioid use has increased to epidemic levels in the United States and has been associated with a dramatic increase in overdose deaths. Buprenorphine is a safe, well-tolerated, and evidence-based medication for opioid use disorder that can be prescribed in office-based treatment settings. Office-based buprenorphine could be an effective way to expand treatment for opioid use disorder, and thereby combat the opioid epidemic. However, office-based buprenorphine has three limitations that must be addressed to facilitate the safe and effective expansion of buprenorphine treatment: 1) Many patients discontinue buprenorphine treatment prematurely, 2) some patients divert buprenorphine for illicit use, and 3) many patients continue to use illicit opioids during buprenorphine treatment. This project will address these limitations by using a psychosocial approach known as Contingency Management. Contingency Management interventions provide incentives to substance abuse patients when patients meet therapeutic goals. This project will compare the effectiveness of two Contingency Management interventions (which the investigators have named "Buprenorphine Adherence and Opiate Abstinence" and "Buprenorphine Adherence Only") and Standard Medical Management for treating adults with opioid use disorder. Participants (N=375) will be randomly assigned to one of the three groups. Buprenorphine Adherence and Opiate Abstinence and Buprenorphine Adherence Only participants will receive incentives for daily buprenorphine use. Buprenorphine Adherence and Opiate Abstinence participants also will receive incentives for providing opiate-negative saliva samples. Daily buprenorphine use and opiate abstinence will both be remotely verified using smartphone-enabled video directly observed therapy (Video DOT). All participants will be receiving or referred to receive buprenorphine treatment and will complete assessments every 4 weeks during a 12-week intervention period. If the proposed intervention is effective, it could encourage medical professionals to prescribe buprenorphine, and improve patients' access to and success in office-based buprenorphine treatment.

Details
Condition Opioid-use Disorder
Treatment contingency management for adherence, Contingency Management for abstinence
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04024059
SponsorJohns Hopkins University
Last Modified on30 May 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Opioid use disorder
Enrolled in buprenorphine treatment

Exclusion Criteria

Unwilling or unable to use a smartphone
Clear my responses

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