Last updated on February 2020

Elbow Hemiarthroplasty Versus ORIF for Distal Humeral Fractures

Brief description of study

This is a randomized control trial comparing the outcome of ORIF (open reduction and internal fixation) with EHA (elbow hemiarthroplasty) for distal humeral fractures in patients aged 50 years or above.

Detailed Study Description

Intraarticular distal humeral fractures AO/OTA type C2 and C3 pose a surgical challenge despite the evolution of surgical implants and techniques. Open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) is often preferred as the first choice of treatment, but the results are varying, and sometimes disappointing. Total elbow arthroplasty (TEA) has been widely used for fractures that are not amenable to ORIF in elderly patients, but the mechanical complications remain a challenge, especially in active patients. Elbow hemiarthroplasty (EHA) provides a modern alternative that might avoid the mechanical complications and weight bearing restrictions related to the linked articulation in semiconstrained TEA. There are no studies comparing the results of EHA to that of TEA or ORIF, but case series have reported promising results.

In this study, forty-four patients with AO/OTA type C2 or C3 fractures of distal humerus will be randomized to either ORIF or EHA. The patients will be examined after the operation and at 3 months and 1, 2, 5 and 10 years after the surgery. The main objective of this study is to investigate the best treatment option for distal humeral fractures in patients aged 50 years or above. This can be of value to future patients sustaining these complicated fractures.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT04163172

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