Last updated on February 2020

Identify Specific Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cell (PBMC) MiRNA as Biomarkers for Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)


Brief description of study

To find high sensitivity and specificity biomarkers to better diagnose and monitor progression of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). In this study, we try to find miRNAs that can used to diagnose or monitor progression of IBD by exploring differential expression of miRNAs in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis and healthy controls. And we further validate these miRNAs in a larger population to assess their function as biomarkers.

Detailed Study Description

Incidence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has been rising in the past decades. However, diagnosis and differential diagnosis of IBD still lack gold standard. To diagnose IBD, physicians need to combine clinical manifestation, lab results, image examination, endoscopy examination and pathology. After diagnosis, patients still need to monitor their disease progression. The most accurate way is to do endoscopy examination, however, endoscopy examination is an invasive, expensive and uncomfortable procedure. At present, C-reactive protein (CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and fecal calprotectin are used as main noninvasive biomarkers to monitor progression routinely. But their specificities are still unsatisfactory. So, it's urgent to find high sensitivity and specificity biomarkers to better diagnose and monitor progression of IBD. In this study, we try to find miRNAs that can used to diagnose or monitor progression of IBD by exploring differential expression of miRNAs in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis and healthy controls. And we further validate these miRNAs in a larger population to assess their function as biomarkers.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT04256538

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