Hemodynamic Forces at Rest and Stress vs. Adenosine and Dobutamine Stress Cardiac Magnetic Resonance

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • participants needed
    112
  • sponsor
    Assiut University
Updated on 13 April 2021
angina pectoris
ischemia
bypass graft
adenosine
exercise stress test
dobutamine

Summary

Stress perfusion CMR has recently considered as one of the methods of choice for establishing the diagnosis of CAD based on its high diagnostic accuracy, lack of ionizing radiation as well as its ability to simultaneously assess the cardiac function, myocardial perfusion, and viability, however, there are some concerns on its suitability for assessment of myocardial perfusion in patients after coronary artery bypass graft surgery who suffer from recurrent angina. The study of hemodynamic forces offers a promising tool for further understanding of the interplay between the myocardium and blood as well as the mechanisms of cardiac filling. This work represents a retrospective follow up study of CMR data, available on CMR-database, from 112 patients with previous coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) performed around 10 years before the initial CMR examination. The study subjects underwent stress CMR testing; using both stressors; dobutamine and adenosine (done on two separate occasions). Injection of gadolinium contrast medium for late gadolinium enhancement was done with adenosine stress testing for late gadolinium enhancement (LGE). Offline analysis of these data will be done with the use of dedicated software for assessment for myocardial ischemia together with quantitative measurements of the hemodynamic forces with the help of dedicated software (QStrain version 1.3.0.79; Medis, Leiden, the Netherlands).

Description

In total 112 patients who underwent coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) subjected to stress CMR examination on two separate occasions with both stressors; dobutamine and adenosine for assessment of myocardial ischemia as result of typical /atypical angina pectoris. The results from dobutamine (namely, detection of wall motion abnormalities) and adenosine stress CMR (namely, detection of perfusion abnormalities) will be compared with the values obtained from the measures of the hemodynamic forces of the LV (i.e., changes in the intraventricular pressures during systole and diastole). The dimensionless root mean square (FRMS) is computed over the entire heartbeat as a measure of the overall force amplitude. In addition, LV global longitudinal strain (GLS) and LV global circumferential strain (GCS) will be measured using a CMR feature tracking techniques. The expected results are as follows: Dobutamine wall motion analysis in combination with perfusion imaging has the highest diagnostic accuracy for the detection of ischemia in patients after bypass surgery and outperforms pure dobutamine wall motion or perfusion analysis and adenosine perfusion. Whereas, perfusion imaging with both stressors reflects the extent of ischemia more precisely than wall motion analysis. Nevertheless, assessment of hemodynamic forces adds to the diagnostic accuracy as well as the prognostic value of stress CMR in post-CABG patients, in whom stress testing with either or both stressors might fail to precisely define myocardial ischemia or reflect an associated subtle cardiac dysfunction.

Details
Condition Coronary Artery Disease, Coronary heart disease, Cardiac Ischemia, Myocardial Ischemia
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04247698
SponsorAssiut University
Last Modified on13 April 2021

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