Radiotherapy Combined With a LHRH (Ant)Agonist Versus Apalutamide in Patients With Biochemical Recurrence After RP (SAVE)

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • participants needed
    202
  • sponsor
    Cancer Research Antwerp
Updated on 7 October 2022
platelet count
prostatectomy
gonadotropin
androgens
growth factor
antiandrogen therapy
antiandrogens
leuprolide
luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone agonist
goserelin
degarelix
apalutamide
adenocarcinoma
adenocarcinoma of prostate
triptorelin
gonadorelin

Summary

This is a phase II randomized, open-label study comparing salvage radiotherapy in combination with 6 months of androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) with LHRH agonist or antagonist (arm A) versus anti-androgen therapy (AAT) with apalutamide 240mg daily (arm B) in hormone-nave patients with biochemical progression after radical prostatectomy. All subjects will receive salvage radiotherapy as standard of care and will be randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to receive either 6 months of androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) with LHRH agonist or antagonist through 6 monthly, two 3-monthly or one 6-monthly injections (control arm) or 6 28-day cycles of apalutamide 240mg daily (interventional arm). The study will include a screening phase, treatment phase, and a post-treatment phase. The primary objective of the trial is to compare sexual function between the 2 groups based on the Expanded Prostate cancer Index Composite (EPIC)-26 sexual domain scores at 9 months after start of hormonal treatment.

Description

After radical prostatectomy, around one third of patients will have biochemical progression. Salvage radiotherapy (SRT) is still potentially curative, but about 40-50% of patients will progress further. Recently, success rates of SRT were significantly improved through the use of concomitant anti-androgen (AAT) or androgen-deprivation (ADT) therapy. In RTOG 96-01, 2 years of bicalutamide 150 mg resulted in a 5% overall survival benefit at 12-years. In GETUG-AFU 16, 5-year progression-free survival was significantly improved when SRT was combined with 6 months of an LHRH agonist. Based on GETUG-AFU 16, most radiation oncologists now combine SRT with at least 6 months of ADT. However, ADT comes with several serious side-effects, both physical (cardiovascular, metabolic, musculoskeletal) and psychological (sexual, emotional and cognitive). It appears worthwile to look for alternatives in the form of AAT. In that respect, apalutamide, a potent competitive and purely antagonistic second-generation anti-androgen, is the ideal candidate.

This trial is a phase II randomized, open-label study comparing salvage radiotherapy in combination with 6 months of ADT (arm A) versus AAT with apalutamide 240mg daily (arm B) in hormone-nave patients with biochemical progression after radical prostatectomy. All subjects will receive salvage radiotherapy as standard of care and will be randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to receive either 6 months of ADT with LHRH agonist or antagonist through 6 monthly, two 3-monthly or one 6-monthly injections (control arm A) or 6 28-day cycles of apalutamide 240mg daily (interventional arm B).

The study will include a screening phase, treatment phase, and a post-treatment phase.

  1. Screening phase: allows for assessment of subject eligibility up to 35 days prior to randomization.
  2. Treatment phase: includes the hormonal treatment for 6 months, to be started at the most 2 weeks after randomization and standard salvage radiotherapy. During the treatment phase, patients will have 3 study visits:
  3. treatment initiation visit: first injection of LHRH (ant)agonist (arm A) or cycle 1, day 1 (C1D1) of apalutamide (arm B).
  4. Concurrent with RT visit: if necessary (depending on product prescribed) injection of LHRH (ant)agonist (arm A) or cycle 4, day 1 (C4D1) of apalutamide (arm B).
  5. End of treatment visit: at the end of the 6 months of hormonal therapy.
  6. Post-treatment phase: will begin after a subject completes the treatment phase and the end of treatment visit and will continue until the primary endpoint is reached, i.e. the 9-months (3 months after end of treatment visit) EPIC-26 sexual domain score.

The primary objective of the trial is to compare sexual function between the 2 groups based on the EPIC-26 sexual domain (0 - 100 scale, with higher scores representing better sexual function) at 9 months after start of hormonal treatment (primary endpoint). The following secondary endpoints will be explored:

  1. Quality of life: assessed using EPIC-26 as well as the EORTC quality of life questionnaires C30 and PR25 as well as FACT-P.
  2. Toxicity: will be assessed using the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 5.0.
  3. Efficacy: prostate-specific antigen (PSA) response rates, defined as a decline from baseline in PSA level of 80% or greater, as well as PSA complete response rates, defined as a decline from baseline in PSA level of 90% or greater, will be prospectively collected at the 4 treatment visits.

At this point in time, no study has directly compared apalutamide to LHRH agonists or antagonists in combination with SRT. This trial may be a preamble to the design of a registration trial in such patients or indeed patients with a intermediate and high-risk localized disease that are scheduled for EBRT or brachytherapy as radical treatment and also benefit from 6 months of hormonal treatment.

Details
Condition Cancer of Prostate
Treatment Apalutamide, Triptorelin Pamoate, degarelix acetate, Leuprorelin Acetate 45Mg Powder for Injection Suspension Vial, Goserelin Acetate 10.8 MG Subcutaneous Implant
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03899077
SponsorCancer Research Antwerp
Last Modified on7 October 2022

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