Imaging the Neuroimmune System in PTSD

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Apr 30, 2023
  • participants needed
    80
  • sponsor
    Yale University
Updated on 6 June 2022
Accepts healthy volunteers

Summary

In this study, individuals with and without post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) will undergo one positron emission tomography (PET) scan using the radiotracer [11C]PBR28, which binds to the 18kDa translocator protein (TSPO). A subset of individuals who complete the first PET [11C]PBR28 scan will be invited to complete an inflammatory challenge and second PET [11C]PBR28 scan. Approximately 3 hours prior to the second [11C]PBR28 PET scan, lipopolysaccharide (LPS; endotoxin) will be administered to evoke a robust neuroimmune response. Subjects will also undergo behavioral and cognitive testing. Vital signs, subjective response, and peripheral biomarker levels will be assayed periodically throughout the experimental session.

Specific aims: 1) Determine if individuals with PTSD exhibit neuroimmune system disruption relative to well-matched comparators at baseline. 2) Determine if individuals with PTSD exhibit a disrupted neuroimmune response after a classical immune stimulus relative to well-matched comparators. 3) Determine if LPS differentially alters cognitive function, subjective response, or physiological markers in individuals with PTSD compared to well-matched comparators.

Hypothesis: Individuals with PTSD will exhibit a suppressed neuroimmune system at baseline and an attenuated neuroimmune response following LPS challenge, relative to matched trauma controls.

Details
Condition Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
Treatment Lipopolysaccharide
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04236986
SponsorYale University
Last Modified on6 June 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Men and women, aged 18-55 years
Subjects with PTSD will have a primary, current diagnosis of PTSD according to DSM-V criteria (i.e., CAPS-5 ascertained diagnosis)
Able to read and write English and to provide voluntary, written informed consent

Exclusion Criteria

Current medical condition such as neurological, cardiovascular, endocrine, renal, liver, or thyroid pathology including COPD, anemia, uncontrolled daily asthma or asthma requiring the use of an inhaler more than 1x/week with an ACT score below 20. [We will not exclude individuals taking SSRIs and TRIs due to high prevalence of use within the PTSD population and due to evidence suggesting no effect of these drug classes on endotoxin response]
Past or current neurological disorder or disorders affecting the brain including but not limited to multiple sclerosis, history of stroke, brain tumors, traumatic brain injury with loss of consciousness, seizure disorder
Current or regular use of over-the-counter medication that may affect the immune system
Women who are pregnant or nursing, or fail to use one of the following methods of birth control unless she or partner is surgically sterile or she is postmenopausal (hormone contraceptives [oral, implant, injection, patch, or ring], contraceptive sponge, double barrier [diaphragm or condom plus spermicide], or IUD
Contraindications to MRI such as claustrophobia or metal in their body
Individuals who are classified as "low binders" for the rs6971 polymorphism (<10% of the population)
Clear my responses

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a study center
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

You are contacting

Investigator Avatar

Primary Contact

site

0/250

Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

Learn more

Similar trials to consider

Loading...

Browse trials for

Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 

 • 

Private

Reply by • Private
Loading...

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.
Loading...

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note