Survey on Lifestyle Perceived Barriers and Development of Change in Patients With Prostate Cancer

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    Arcispedale Santa Maria Nuova-IRCCS
Updated on 17 November 2021
antiandrogen therapy
androgen suppression


Prostate cancer (PCa) is among the most widespread in the male population and represents 20% of all cancers diagnosed from the age of fifty, in Italy. Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) is a common strategy of treatment that is used for increase survival. However, ADT is associated with significant side effects, such as fatigue, loss of muscle mass and strength, cognitive decline and reduced quality of life, with an increased the risk for falls and fractures, cardiometabolic syndrome and cardiovascular events.

The numerous side effects from ADT could potentially be countered by the regular Physical Exercise (PE), with favorable effects on body composition, physical performance, bone health and cognitive function.

However, to maintain the results obtained, PE must be undertaken regularly, becoming a healthy habit of life. The patient motivation is therefore a fundamental element for guaranteeing adherence to the intervention and its integration into people's lifestyle.

The study aim is to analyzed patients with PCa at the time of diagnosis regarding their lifestyle, includes regular PE, and motivation to make changes about their habits. In addition, the investigators will describe the perceived barriers by patients about this change.

The data collected will allow the development of an experimental intervention of PE, associated with therapeutic education, and assess its impact on the health of patient undergoing ADT, considering the realistic possibilities of application in the daily life of these patients, testing its feasibility and safety, the compliance and the satisfaction of the patients.


Participants will be invited to an interview guided by open-ended questions, focused on collecting information related to the usual lifestyle, the motivation to undertake healthy changes and the perceived barriers to adopting an healthy lifestyle. In particular, the interview is focused on collecting the following information:

  1. the level of PE: type, frequency and intensity;
  2. the presence of health risk factors such as smoking, eating and drinking habits;
  3. the presence of cognitive disorders, investigated through the Mini Mental State Examination and through some questions aimed at catching the subjective perception of one's cognitive state;
  4. the stage of motivation to the adoption of healthy lifestyle that includes regular PE;
  5. the perceived barriers to one's ability to change one's lifestyle by adopting a regular habit of PE.

During the interview, all patients will receive information about the importance of adopting a healthy lifestyle for the prevention of various diseases and even more to counteract the negative effects of PCa care. By adopting the Transtheoretical Model of Change (by Prochaska and DiClemente), will be identified the stage of motivation to change the risk factor identified through the interview. Consequently, these patients will receive a personalized message, with the aim of promoting change to healthy behavior. All patients will be informed about the existence and purpose of the Life Style Service in collaboration with LILT (Italian League for the Fight against Cancer) of the Health Information Service, active at CORE, at the Santa Maria Nuova Hospital in Reggio Emilia. In particular, patients in the "contemplation stage" will be informed about the possibility of contacting the clinic spontaneously at any time.The researcher will send the request to the public health clinic.

Condition Malignant neoplasm of prostate, Health behavior, Physical activity, Prostatic disorder, Sedentary lifestyle, Prostate Disorders, Prostate Cancer, Early, Recurrent, Prostate Cancer, prostate tumor, prostate tumors
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03982095
SponsorArcispedale Santa Maria Nuova-IRCCS
Last Modified on17 November 2021

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