The Effects of a Multimodal Approach for the Treatment of Primary Progressive Aphasia (ACROSS)

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • participants needed
    45
  • sponsor
    IRCCS Centro San Giovanni di Dio Fatebenefratelli
Updated on 26 January 2023
dementia, frontotemporal

Summary

Primary Progressive Aphasia (PPA) is an untreatable neurodegenerative disorder that disrupts language functions. Available therapies are mainly symptomatic and recently attention has been gained by new techniques that allow for noninvasive brain stimulation such as transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS). The primary objective of this study is to evaluate whether the application of Active tDCS (anode over the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex- DLPFC with the cathode over the right supraorbital region) to the scalp during individualized language training, would improve naming abilities in the agrammatic variant of PPA (avPPA) more than use of one methodology alone. The effect of treatment on the clinical symptoms will be related to changes in brain activity (Magnetic Resonance Imaging, MRI and Functional near-infrared spectroscopy fNIRS) and in biological markers, using a multimodal approach. Finally, we will assess the long-term effects of this approach.

Description

45 patients with avPPA, will be recruited from IRCCS Istituto Centro San Giovanni di Dio Brescia, Italy and ASST Spedali Civili Brescia, Italy .

Inclusion criteria will be a diagnosis avPPA according to the current clinical criteria (Gorno-Tempini et al., 2011) and a FTD Clinical Dementia Rating score >0.5 and <2. Exclusion criteria will be the presence of any medical or psychiatric illness that could interfere in completing assessments and the presence of any medical condition that represents a contraindication to tDCS. All the patients will undergo five consecutive days a week for two weeks of treatment sessions:

15 patients will receive Active tDCS over DLPFC while performing a language training; 15 patients will receive placebo tDCS during language training; 15 patients will receive Active tDCS over DLPFC during unstructured cognitive training.

Two trained neuropsychologists will administer the neuropsychological testing in two sessions. At baseline (T0), post-treatment (T1) and 3-months (T2) follow-up assessments were conducted by the same assessor. Blood sample withdrawal at baseline (T0) and after the DLPFC-tDCS intervention (T1) will be assessed.

To elucidate the mechanisms underlying tDCS effects, structural imaging, functional connectivity (fMRI) alterations and concentration changes of hemoglobin (fNIRS) will be collected off-line. Each avPPA patient will undergo an MRI scan at the ASST Spedali Civili Brescia, Italy at T0 and T1 and a fNIRS acquisition at the IRCCS Istituto Centro San Giovanni di Dio Brescia, Italy at T0, T1 and T2.

Details
Condition Primary Progressive Aphasia
Treatment active tDCS, Placebo tDCS, Language training, Language training, Unstructured cognitive training
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04187391
SponsorIRCCS Centro San Giovanni di Dio Fatebenefratelli
Last Modified on26 January 2023

Similar trials to consider

Loading...

Browse trials for

Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 

 • 

Private

Reply by • Private
Loading...

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.
Loading...

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note