Effect of Home Rehabilitation on State of Patients With PAH HFREF and IHD

  • End date
    Dec 31, 2022
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Medical University of Bialystok
Updated on 21 February 2021
ejection fraction
heart failure
heart disease
cardiac rehabilitation
rehabilitation program
rehabilitation therapy
coronary disease
pulmonary arterial hypertension
pulmonary arterial pressure
connective tissue diseases


The aim of the study is to evaluate the influence of physical training and respiratory rehabilitation performed by patients at home on quality of life, symptoms, physical endurance, force of respiratory and skeletal muscles and body mass composition in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) or left ventricular heart failure with reduced ejection fraction - HFREF), or ischemic heart disease and evaluation the number of stem cells, natural lymphoid cells and distribution of subpopulations of monocytes (including proangiogenic monocytes) in examined persons and evaluation of theirs eventual influence of the course of disease.


The study will be conducted on total group of 100 participants, from which 75 will be the patients with PAH (pulmonary arterial hypertension), HF-REF (heart failure with reduced ejection fraction) or IHD (ischemic heart disease).

In all participants medical anamnesis, physical examination, anthropometric measures, 6-minute walking distance (6MWD six minute walking distance) will be performed and initial functional class according WHO (World Health Organisation)/NYHA (New York Health Association)/CCS (Canadian Cardiovascular Society) classification will be evaluated. Medical history will consist of questions regarding coexisting diseases, treatment, lifestyle, family burden, etc. Quality of life will be assessed with use of The Short Form (36) Health Survey - SF-36) and Fatigue Severity Scale - FSS. Biochemical measures will be performed including, among others. brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), blood morphology, P-selectin, concentrations of cytokines such as : Interleukin 6 (IL-6), soluble Interleukin 6 receptor (sIL-6R), stromal derived factor-1 (SDF-1, CXCL12) and soluble tumor necrosis factor-like weak inducer of apoptosis (sTWEAK).

Among lab parameters routinely measured in groups of patients with PAH, HFREF, IHD performed in Cardiology Department of University Clinical Hospital during hospitalization will be used: creatinine level, uric acid level, total cholesterol, LDL (low density lipoprotein), HDL (high density lipoprotein), triglycerides levels, troponin I level, CRP (C reactive protein), BNP (brain natriuretic peptide), fasting glucose, TSH (thyroid stimulating hormone), blood morphology and arterial geometry. Fasting venous blood will be collected in 4 tubes each a 10 ml. Two tubes a 10ml (one dedicated to obtain serum ("on clot"), second with heparin) to perform biochemical analyses, tube a 10ml with EDTA (ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid) will be used to evaluate PBMC (peripheral blood mononuclear cell) (density gradient centrifugation), tube a 10ml with citrate will be used to obtain platelet lysate.

Additionally fasting venous blood will be obtained - 2 tubes a 10ml in order to assess number of stem cells, natural lymphoid cells, and distribution of subpopulations of lymphocytes.

In clinical evaluation measurement of respiratory (inspiratory and expiratory) muscles force with use of device MicroRPM (respiratory pressure meter), analysis of body mass composition with special regard to muscular mass with use of bioelectrical impedance analysis method (BIA) (Maltron) and measurement of hand grip strength with use of hand dynamometer will be performed.

During first visit also ECG (electrocardiogram) and echocardiography will be done.

The safe protocol of home physical training and respiratory rehabilitation adjusted to the clinical state of patients will be developed in the form of brochure with photos and precise description of exercises and the diary of self-control of patient in order to collect data regarding daily physical activity will be given to participants. Patients willing to take part in stage of exercises (circa 45 persons) will be trained in Rehabilitation Department how to perform exercises at homes. Easy to use devices dedicated to respiratory exercises (Pulmogain Respitrain) enabling respiratory muscles training with various degree of intensity and pedometers to assess daily motor activity will be given to patients.

Stage of exercises during which the next series of tests will be performed will last 6 months. Exercising patients will come to Rehabilitation Department on first and third month after start of rehabilitation in order to control the correctness of training performance, filling self-control diary assessment of patients compliance and eventual corrections of training program. Patients will be also under continuous phone supervision (minimally once a week) and in the case of doubts and need for consultation. After finishing exercises stage and performed clinical evaluation, patients will by themselves decide if they are willing to continue rehabilitation (will have possibility of further use of physiotherapists care), and follow up assessment will take place after 6 months from finishing exercises stage.

Comparative group will consist of patients with PAH, HF-REF, IHD who agreed to participate in study but were not qualified to the exercises stage. Control group will consist of patients of Cardiology Department and Cardiology Outpatient Clinic and Rehabilitation Department (without cardiovascular diseases). Range of examinations in control group will consists of medical anamnesis, physical examination, anthropometric measures, individually filled questionnaires SF-36 and FSS, evaluation of respiratory muscles force, hand grip strength and analysis of body mass composition BIA.

Condition Vascular Diseases, Heart disease, Pulmonary Hypertension, Ischemic Heart Disease, Cancer Prevention, Surviving Abuse, Joint Injuries, Abdominal Surgery, Mental Disability, Pelvic Adhesions, Low Testosterone, Dental Filling, Habit Reversal, Complicated Grief, Chronic Pelvic Pain, Gambling Problems, Myopic Macular Degeneration, Nerve Injury, Severe Premenstrual Symptom, Stasis Dermatitis, Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, Open Heart Surgery, Recurrent Pregnancy Loss, Effects of Chemotherapy, Renal Anemia, Functional Dyspepsia, Catheter Complications, Heart Failure With Reduced Ejection Fraction, Serial Evaluation of Ductal Epithelium, Chronic Renal Anemia, Cancer Treatment, Anemic Cancer, Spinocerebellar Disorders, Pseudobulbar Affect, Spine Athroplasty, Indikation: Diabetes - Typ II, Partial Medial Meniscectomy, Primary Insulin Hypersecretion, Testotoxikose, Infantile Fibrosarcoma, Late Infantile Neuronal Ceroid Lipfuscinsosis, Cardiac Ischemia, Memory Problems, Myocardial Ischemia, Cardiac Disease
Treatment home cardiac rehabilitation and respiratory rehabilitation
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03780803
SponsorMedical University of Bialystok
Last Modified on21 February 2021


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

age >18 years
informed consent signed by patient to conduct the study
no diseases excluding rehabilitation
pts with idiopathic, inherited PAH (pulmonary arterial hypertension), or in the course of connective tissue diseases, portal hypertension, congenital heart diseases
PAH confirmed in catheterisation of right side of heart mPAP (mean pulmonary arterial pressure) 25 mmHg, PCWP (pulmonary capillary wedge pressure) 15mmHg
Chronic heart failure - left ventricle ejection fraction <40% in echocardiography, NYHA New York Health Association) class II-III
stable ischaemic heart disease in CCS (Canadian Cardiovascular Society) class II-III

Exclusion Criteria

Other types of pulmonary hypertension
COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), asthma
Acute inflammatory state up to 4 weeks before inclusion to the study
Acute coronary syndrome up to 3 months before inclusion to the study
Heart failure in NYHA IV class
severe anaemia (Hgb <11g/dl for men <10g/dl for women)
electrolyte and hormonal disturbances in period of 1 month before inclusion to the study
substantial modification of treatment of main disease within last 3 months
ischaemic heart disease in CCS class IV
Other clinical situations excluding to perform controlled program of rehabilitation
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