Comparison of Tacrolimus Extended-Release (Envarsus XR) to Tacrolimus Immediate-Release in HLA Sensitized Kidney Transplant Recipients

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Jun 30, 2022
  • participants needed
    20
  • sponsor
    Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
Updated on 27 January 2021
tacrolimus
rituximab
kidney transplant
glomerular filtration rate
cfdna
envarsus xr

Summary

This is a randomized, open-label, controlled clinical trial designed to compare clinical outcomes after kidney transplantation using extended-release tacrolimus (Envarsus XR) versus immediate tacrolimus among highly-sensitized kidney transplant recipients. Outcomes to be assessed include the incidence of biopsy-proven acute rejection at 12 months, the presence of de novo and pre-existing donor-specific HLA antibodies, estimated glomerular filtration rate, and the level of donor-derived cell-free DNA.

Description

Extended-release tacrolimus (Envarsus XR) received FDA approval in July, 2015 for the prevention of allograft rejection in kidney transplantation on the basis of two separate phase 3 trials of de novo and stable kidney transplant recipients that demonstrated non-inferiority to immediate-release tacrolimus for the composite outcome of death, graft failure, biopsy-proven acute rejection, or loss to follow-up within 12 months (1,2).

Both phase 3 trials involved mostly low immunologic risk recipients with follow-up to one year. It has been previously shown that the incidence of de novo donor-specific antibodies (DSA) in the first year after kidney transplant in low-immunologic patients is low, developing in only 2%-11% of unsensitized de novo kidney transplant recipients (3-6). Donor-specific antibodies (DSA) are the primary mediator of antibody-mediated rejection and their development after transplant is a major risk factor for late allograft failure (7). It is now believed that antibody-mediated rejection is the most common cause of late allograft failure (8,9). However, neither of the two phase 3 trials were able to adequately assess the effect of Envarsus XR on the development of donor specific antibodies and therefore, the efficacy of Envarsus XR in higher immunologic risk recipients is not known. Therefore, a comparative study of extended- and immediate-release tacrolimus in highly-sensitized recipients is warranted.

This is a randomized, open-label, controlled clinical trial designed to compare clinical outcomes after kidney transplantation using extended-release tacrolimus (Envarsus XR) versus immediate tacrolimus among highly-sensitized kidney transplant recipients. Twenty patients will be enrolled, with ten assigned to each study arm. Outcomes to be assessed include the incidence of biopsy-proven acute rejection at 12 months, the presence of de novo and pre-existing donor-specific HLA antibodies, estimated glomerular filtration rate, and the level of donor-derived cell-free DNA.

Details
Condition Renal Transplant Rejection, Kidney Transplant Rejection
Treatment immediate-release tacrolimus, Extended-release tacrolimus
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04225988
SponsorCedars-Sinai Medical Center
Last Modified on27 January 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Is your age greater than or equal to 18 yrs?
Gender: Male or Female
Do you have Kidney Transplant Rejection?
Do you have any of these conditions: Renal Transplant Rejection or Kidney Transplant Rejection?
Recipient of a deceased or living donor kidney allograft
Patients must have undergone desensitization with IVIG and rituximab with or without plasma exchange prior to transplant or be administered IVIG and rituximab peri-operatively (within seven days of transplant) post-transplant
Age 18 and over
Able to understand and provide informed consent
At transplant, patient must have an acceptable crossmatch [as defined by a T- or B-flow crossmatch 225 median channel shift (MCS)] from a non-HLA identical donor. A negative crossmatch is defined as a T pronase flow crossmatch < 70 MCS or a T- flow crossmatch < 50 MCS and a B pronase flow crossmatch <130 MCS or a B-flow crossmatch <100 MCS

Exclusion Criteria

Recipients of a dual simultaneous kidney/liver, kidney/heart, kidney/lung, or kidney/pancreas transplant
History of hypersensitivity to any of the study drug or to drugs of similar chemical classes
Patients with a clinically significant systemic infection within 30 days prior to transplant
Patients who have any history of a surgical or medical condition that may affect absorption of drug, such as severe diarrhea, active peptic ulcer disease, or uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, which in the opinion of the investigator at the time of enrollment, might significantly alter the absorption, distribution, metabolism and/or excretion of study medication
Women of childbearing potential who are either pregnant, lactating, planning to become pregnant during this trial, or with a positive serum or urine pregnancy test. Women of childbearing potential must be willing to agree to contraceptive practices
Patients who are PCR positive for hepatitis B, hepatitis C, or HIV
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