COlchicine in Cardiac Surgery

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Dec 30, 2021
  • participants needed
    1000
  • sponsor
    Bakulev Scientific Center of Cardiovascular Surgery
Updated on 24 January 2021

Summary

Postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) is a major complication of cardiac surgery, which could lead to high morbidity and mortality, increase duration of hospital stay and increase the cost of treatment. Colchicine possesses both anti-inflammatory and sympatholytic properties, so it has been studied to prevent POAF. The ACC/AHA guidelines for colchicine contain a class IIB recommendation, but the ESC guidelines do not recommend this drug. More researches are needed to focus on reducing of side effects by optimizing the colchicine regimen to reduce the incidence of gastrointestinal side effects. It is believed that further research is needed to investigate the efficacy and safety of colchicine in these conditions.

This research is aimed to study the effectiveness of short-term administration of the drug.

Description

Postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) is a major complication of cardiac surgery, which could lead to high morbidity and mortality, increase duration of hospital stay and increase the cost of treatment. Postoperative AF is considered as a multifactorial phenomenon. Its pathogenesis is characterized by inflammation, oxidative stress and autonomic dysfunction. Several predisposing factors lead to the development of POAF, including pre -, intra-and postoperative factors. The main of them are age, previous history of major cardiovascular risk factors and ischemic reperfusion injury during surgery. Treatment of POAF involves drugs to control the frequency of rhythm in hemodynamically stable patients and other treatment regimens usually used for the treatment of AF. Intraoperative administration of beta-blockers and some antiarrhythmic drugs is recommended by international clinical guidelines. In addition, previous treatment consisting of the use of colchicine, magnesium sulfate, statins and antioxidants have reduced the incidence of postoperative AF. However, the results of large-scale randomized trials have observed the development of undesirable adverse reactions.

Despite these recommendations, the question of the correct regimen for prevention of POAF remains controversial. Colchicine possesses both anti-inflammatory and sympatholytic properties, so it has been studied to prevent POAF. The ACC/AHA guidelines for colchicine contain a class IIB recommendation, but the ESC guidelines do not recommend this drug.

Two studies sequentially COPPS-1 and COPPS-2 evaluated the effect of colchicine on the incidence of POAF after open heart surgery (COPPS-1) and the development of postcardiotomy syndrome (COPPS-2). In COPPS-1, patients (n=336) were treated with colchicine from the third day after surgery for a month and showed a significant decrease of POAF after heart surgery over the entire follow-up period. 360 patients were evaluated in the COPPS-2 study. The incidence of POAF between the colchicine and placebo groups was comparable, although colchicine significantly reduced postpericardiotomy syndrome. The main limitation of the COPSS-2 study was the high rate of cessation of intervention (20% of participants), which had a significant impact on the outcome of the trial.

Based on the latest meta-analysis of the colchicine effect on POAF after heart surgery, it was found that it still reduces POAF compared with control (HR = 0.69, 95% IM 0.57-0.84, p = 0.0002) and the duration of hospital stay was reduced by 1.2 days (95% IM -1.89 to -0.44, p = 0.002); however, the frequency of adverse gastrointestinal events increased significantly (HR

  • 2.52, 95% IM 1.62-3.93, p < 0.0001). Despite the high level of side effects, a significant reduction of POAF outweighs the balance in the favor of its use. However, more researches are needed to focus on reducing of side effects by optimizing the colchicine regimen to reduce the incidence of gastrointestinal side effects. It is believed that further research is needed to investigate the efficacy and safety of colchicine in these conditions.

This research is aimed to study the effectiveness of short-term administration of the drug.

Details
Condition Atrial Fibrillation New Onset, Colchicine Adverse Reaction
Treatment Placebo, colchicine
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04224545
SponsorBakulev Scientific Center of Cardiovascular Surgery
Last Modified on24 January 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Is your age between 40 yrs and 80 yrs?
Gender: Male or Female
Do you have any of these conditions: Atrial Fibrillation New Onset or Colchicine Adverse Reaction?
Do you have any of these conditions: Colchicine Adverse Reaction or Atrial Fibrillation New Onset?
Adult patients awaiting elective cardiac surgery (CABG and/or AVR (aortic
valve replacement), who are willing and able to give informed consent for
participation in the study and who are in sinus rhythm and not taking any
antiarrhythmic medication, except beta-adrenergic blocking agents, at the time
before surgery

Exclusion Criteria

History of persistent or long-term atrial fibrillation/atrial flutter
Congenital heart disease, except the bicuspid AV
Frequent VE/SVE, AV block 2-3 degrees
Use of corticosteroids during the last month
Taking any antiarrhythmic drugs, except beta-blockers, within the last 1 month
Prior "open" heart surgery
Moderate to severe renal failure (creatinine clearance < 50 ml / min)
History of obstructive hepato-biliary disease or other serious hepatic disease
Significant mitral valve disease (moderate or severe mitral regurgitation-eg. > grade II and/or mitral stenosis & mitral annular calcification)
Patient participation in another clinical trial
Clear my responses

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a site
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

You are contacting

Investigator Avatar
Name

Primary Contact

site
Name

Phone Email

0/250
Please verify that you are not a bot.

Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

Learn more

Similar trials to consider

Loading...

Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 

 • 

Private

Reply by • Private
Loading...

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.
Loading...

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note