Inhaled Mometasone to Promote Reduction in Vasoocclusive Events 2 (IMPROVE2)

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Jun 30, 2023
  • participants needed
    80
  • sponsor
    Jeffrey Glassberg
Updated on 23 February 2022
hydroxyurea
hemoglobin s
cough
asthma

Summary

The study team proposes a triple-blind, placebo-controlled, phase II clinical trial of once-daily inhaled mometasone for 48 weeks (with 4-week washout at study completion) in individuals with Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) who report episodic cough or wheeze (ECW) but do not have asthma. Patients will be recruited from and followed in SCD clinics at participating sites. The primary endpoint will be a reduction in sVCAM level of 20% or more in comparison to placebo.

Description

Dose rationale: Mometasone furoate 220mcg dry powder inhalation is a low-moderate ICS dose that can be given once daily. Higher doses can have systemic effects and systemic glucocorticoids can precipitate rebound SCD pain when discontinued.

Adaptive, covariate-balanced randomization: While the sample size of the study will be fixed at 80 participants, instead of standard blocked or stratified randomization, the study team will use adaptive covariate-balanced randomization to minimize imbalance of important covariates. This will reduce the need to use multivariable techniques (which perform poorly in small samples) to adjust post hoc for differences between treatment groups. Covariates will include age, use of hydroxyurea, previous rate of Emergency Department (ED) utilization for SCD pain, and recruitment site.

Follow up Schedule: There will be in-person visits every 8 weeks. In addition, a blinded research coordinator will contact participants by phone at 2-weeks and 4-weeks after enrollment and 4-weeks after each in-person follow up to encourage protocol adherence and collect data about adverse events and healthcare utilization.

Post-protocol observation period: The study will be complete at 48 weeks. A final follow up visit will occur at 52 weeks (4-weeks after study protocol completed) to collect pain diary and adverse event data and to identify the proportion of the ICS group who want to continue ICS. In the event that individuals wish to continue ICS, the PI will contact the participant's treating physician to discuss.

Data elements: A wide range of clinical and translational data will be collected during the study. Baseline data will include demographic and clinical variables regarding SCD severity, previous complications and respiratory surveys. Blood will be collected for standard-of-care labs and analysis of serum inflammatory cytokines. Pulmonary function testing including spirometry and Exhaled Nitric Oxide (eNO) will be performed. Health related quality of life will be collected via ASCQ-Me survey. Patients will also be followed with follow-up phone calls and prospective chart review for one year to identify hospital visits and other SCD complications.

Procedures for collection of clinical and laboratory data: Data collection and management: Case report forms are provided as an appendix. Data will be entered into a REDCap database, which will be monitored by the Data Coordinating Team (DCT) (led by Co-I Gelijns) for completion and timeliness.

Details
Condition Sickle Cell Disease
Treatment Placebo, Mometasone
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03758950
SponsorJeffrey Glassberg
Last Modified on23 February 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Participants age 18 and older with severe SCD phenotypes (Hb SS and Sthalassemia0)
Do not have asthma (see exclusion criteria)
Not currently having a painful crisis (as defined by validated pain diary questions)
Do not have acute respiratory symptoms
Report of recent ECW (answers "Yes" to any question in Box 1)
Participant is already medically optimized (i.e. already on maximum dose hydroxyurea unless contraindicated and not undergoing medication titration)

Exclusion Criteria

Participant screens positive for possible undiagnosed asthma (Box 2)
Pregnant or planning to become pregnant
> 15 ED visits for SCD pain over the previous 12 months (due to concern for multi-factorial pain that may be less responsive to SCD therapies)
Have been discharged from the hospital within the previous 7 days
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